• Language: en

Django 1.10 release notes

August 1, 2016

Welcome to Django 1.10!

These release notes cover the new features, as well as some backwards incompatible changes you’ll want to be aware of when upgrading from Django 1.9 or older versions. We’ve dropped some features that have reached the end of their deprecation cycle, and we’ve begun the deprecation process for some features.

See the How to upgrade Django to a newer version guide if you’re updating an existing project.

Python compatibility

Like Django 1.9, Django 1.10 requires Python 2.7, 3.4, or 3.5. We highly recommend and only officially support the latest release of each series.

What’s new in Django 1.10

Full text search for PostgreSQL

django.contrib.postgres now includes a collection of database functions to allow the use of the full text search engine. You can search across multiple fields in your relational database, combine the searches with other lookups, use different language configurations and weightings, and rank the results by relevance.

It also now includes trigram support, using the trigram_similar lookup, and the TrigramSimilarity and TrigramDistance expressions.

New-style middleware

A new style of middleware is introduced to solve the lack of strict request/response layering of the old-style of middleware described in DEP 0005. You’ll need to adapt old, custom middleware and switch from the MIDDLEWARE_CLASSES setting to the new MIDDLEWARE setting to take advantage of the improvements.

Official support for Unicode usernames

The User model in django.contrib.auth originally only accepted ASCII letters and numbers in usernames. Although it wasn’t a deliberate choice, Unicode characters have always been accepted when using Python 3.

The username validator now explicitly accepts Unicode characters by default on Python 3 only.

Custom user models may use the new ASCIIUsernameValidator or UnicodeUsernameValidator.

Minor features


  • For sites running on a subpath, the default URL for the "View site" link at the top of each admin page will now point to request.META['SCRIPT_NAME'] if set, instead of /.
  • The success message that appears after adding or editing an object now contains a link to the object’s change form.
  • All inline JavaScript is removed so you can enable the Content-Security-Policy HTTP header if you wish.
  • The new InlineModelAdmin.classes attribute allows specifying classes on inline fieldsets. Inlines with a collapse class will be initially collapsed and their header will have a small “show” link.
  • If a user doesn’t have the add permission, the object-tools block on a model’s changelist will now be rendered (without the add button). This makes it easier to add custom tools in this case.
  • The LogEntry model now stores change messages in a JSON structure so that the message can be dynamically translated using the current active language. A new LogEntry.get_change_message() method is now the preferred way of retrieving the change message.
  • Selected objects for fields in ModelAdmin.raw_id_fields now have a link to object’s change form.
  • Added “No date” and “Has date” choices for DateFieldListFilter if the field is nullable.
  • The jQuery library embedded in the admin is upgraded from version 2.1.4 to 2.2.3.


  • Added support for the Argon2 password hash. It’s recommended over PBKDF2, however, it’s not the default as it requires a third-party library.
  • The default iteration count for the PBKDF2 password hasher has been increased by 25%. This backwards compatible change will not affect users who have subclassed django.contrib.auth.hashers.PBKDF2PasswordHasher to change the default value.
  • The django.contrib.auth.views.logout() view sends “no-cache” headers to prevent an issue where Safari caches redirects and prevents a user from being able to log out.
  • Added the optional backend argument to django.contrib.auth.login() to allow using it without credentials.
  • The new LOGOUT_REDIRECT_URL setting controls the redirect of the django.contrib.auth.views.logout() view, if the view doesn’t get a next_page argument.
  • The new redirect_authenticated_user parameter for the django.contrib.auth.views.login() view allows redirecting authenticated users visiting the login page.
  • The new AllowAllUsersModelBackend and AllowAllUsersRemoteUserBackend ignore the value of User.is_active, while ModelBackend and RemoteUserBackend now reject inactive users.



  • For convenience, HStoreField now casts its keys and values to strings.


  • The clearsessions management command now removes file-based sessions.



  • The static template tag now uses django.contrib.staticfiles if it’s in INSTALLED_APPS. This is especially useful for third-party apps which can now always use {% load static %} (instead of {% load staticfiles %} or {% load static from staticfiles %}) and not worry about whether or not the staticfiles app is installed.
  • You can more easily customize the collectstatic --ignore option with a custom AppConfig.


  • The file-based cache backend now uses the highest pickling protocol.


  • The default CSRF_FAILURE_VIEW, views.csrf.csrf_failure() now accepts an optional template_name parameter, defaulting to '403_csrf.html', to control the template used to render the page.
  • To protect against BREACH attacks, the CSRF protection mechanism now changes the form token value on every request (while keeping an invariant secret which can be used to validate the different tokens).

Database backends

  • Temporal data subtraction was unified on all backends.
  • If the database supports it, backends can set DatabaseFeatures.can_return_ids_from_bulk_insert=True and implement DatabaseOperations.fetch_returned_insert_ids() to set primary keys on objects created using QuerySet.bulk_create().
  • Added keyword arguments to the as_sql() methods of various expressions (Func, When, Case, and OrderBy) to allow database backends to customize them without mutating self, which isn’t safe when using different database backends. See the arg_joiner and **extra_context parameters of Func.as_sql() for an example.

File Storage


  • Form and widget Media is now served using django.contrib.staticfiles if installed.
  • The <input> tag rendered by CharField now includes a minlength attribute if the field has a min_length.
  • Required form fields now have the required HTML attribute. Set the new Form.use_required_attribute attribute to False to disable it. The required attribute isn’t included on forms of formsets because the browser validation may not be correct when adding and deleting formsets.

Generic Views

  • The View class can now be imported from django.views.


  • The i18n_patterns() helper function can now be used in a root URLConf specified using request.urlconf.
  • By setting the new prefix_default_language parameter for i18n_patterns() to False, you can allow accessing the default language without a URL prefix.
  • set_language() now returns a 204 status code (No Content) for AJAX requests when there is no next parameter in POST or GET.
  • The JavaScriptCatalog and JSONCatalog class-based views supersede the deprecated javascript_catalog() and json_catalog() function-based views. The new views are almost equivalent to the old ones except that by default the new views collect all JavaScript strings in the djangojs translation domain from all installed apps rather than only the JavaScript strings from LOCALE_PATHS.

Management Commands

  • call_command() now returns the value returned from the command.handle() method.
  • The new check --fail-level option allows specifying the message level that will cause the command to exit with a non-zero status.
  • The new makemigrations --check option makes the command exit with a non-zero status when model changes without migrations are detected.
  • makemigrations now displays the path to the migration files that it generates.
  • The shell --interface option now accepts python to force use of the “plain” Python interpreter.
  • The new shell --command option lets you run a command as Django and exit, instead of opening the interactive shell.
  • Added a warning to dumpdata if a proxy model is specified (which results in no output) without its concrete parent.
  • The new BaseCommand.requires_migrations_checks attribute may be set to True if you want your command to print a warning, like runserver does, if the set of migrations on disk don’t match the migrations in the database.
  • To assist with testing, call_command() now accepts a command object as the first argument.
  • The shell command supports tab completion on systems using libedit, e.g. macOS.
  • The inspectdb command lets you choose what tables should be inspected by specifying their names as arguments.


  • Added support for serialization of enum.Enum objects.
  • Added the elidable argument to the RunSQL and RunPython operations to allow them to be removed when squashing migrations.
  • Added support for non-atomic migrations by setting the atomic attribute on a Migration.
  • The migrate and makemigrations commands now check for a consistent migration history. If they find some unapplied dependencies of an applied migration, InconsistentMigrationHistory is raised.
  • The pre_migrate() and post_migrate() signals now dispatch their migration plan and apps.


  • Reverse foreign keys from proxy models are now propagated to their concrete class. The reverse relation attached by a ForeignKey pointing to a proxy model is now accessible as a descriptor on the proxied model class and may be referenced in queryset filtering.
  • The new Field.rel_db_type() method returns the database column data type for fields such as ForeignKey and OneToOneField that point to another field.
  • The arity class attribute is added to Func. This attribute can be used to set the number of arguments the function accepts.
  • Added BigAutoField which acts much like an AutoField except that it is guaranteed to fit numbers from 1 to 9223372036854775807.
  • QuerySet.in_bulk() may be called without any arguments to return all objects in the queryset.
  • related_query_name now supports app label and class interpolation using the '%(app_label)s' and '%(class)s' strings.
  • Allowed overriding model fields inherited from abstract base classes.
  • The prefetch_related_objects() function is now a public API.
  • QuerySet.bulk_create() sets the primary key on objects when using PostgreSQL.
  • Added the Cast database function.
  • A proxy model may now inherit multiple proxy models that share a common non-abstract parent class.
  • Added Extract functions to extract datetime components as integers, such as year and hour.
  • Added Trunc functions to truncate a date or datetime to a significant component. They enable queries like sales-per-day or sales-per-hour.
  • Model.__init__() now sets values of virtual fields from its keyword arguments.
  • The new Meta.base_manager_name and Meta.default_manager_name options allow controlling the _base_manager and _default_manager, respectively.

Requests and Responses

  • Added request.user to the debug view.
  • Added HttpResponse methods readable() and seekable() to make an instance a stream-like object and allow wrapping it with io.TextIOWrapper.
  • Added the HttpRequest.content_type and content_params attributes which are parsed from the CONTENT_TYPE header.
  • The parser for request.COOKIES is simplified to better match the behavior of browsers. request.COOKIES may now contain cookies that are invalid according to RFC 6265 but are possible to set via document.cookie.


  • The django.core.serializers.json.DjangoJSONEncoder now knows how to serialize lazy strings, typically used for translatable content.


  • Added the autoescape option to the DjangoTemplates backend and the Engine class.
  • Added the is and is not comparison operators to the if tag.
  • Allowed dictsort to order a list of lists by an element at a specified index.
  • The debug() context processor contains queries for all database aliases instead of only the default alias.
  • Added relative path support for string arguments of the extends and include template tags.



  • An addition in django.setup() allows URL resolving that happens outside of the request/response cycle (e.g. in management commands and standalone scripts) to take FORCE_SCRIPT_NAME into account when it is set.


  • URLValidator now limits the length of domain name labels to 63 characters and the total length of domain names to 253 characters per RFC 1034.
  • int_list_validator() now accepts an optional allow_negative boolean parameter, defaulting to False, to allow negative integers.

Backwards incompatible changes in 1.10


In addition to the changes outlined in this section, be sure to review the Features removed in 1.10 for the features that have reached the end of their deprecation cycle and therefore been removed. If you haven’t updated your code within the deprecation timeline for a given feature, its removal may appear as a backwards incompatible change.

Database backend API

  • GIS’s AreaField uses an unspecified underlying numeric type that could in practice be any numeric Python type. decimal.Decimal values retrieved from the database are now converted to float to make it easier to combine them with values used by the GIS libraries.
  • In order to enable temporal subtraction you must set the supports_temporal_subtraction database feature flag to True and implement the DatabaseOperations.subtract_temporals() method. This method should return the SQL and parameters required to compute the difference in microseconds between the lhs and rhs arguments in the datatype used to store DurationField.

_meta.get_fields() returns consistent reverse fields for proxy models

Before Django 1.10, the get_fields() method returned different reverse fields when called on a proxy model compared to its proxied concrete class. This inconsistency was fixed by returning the full set of fields pointing to a concrete class or one of its proxies in both cases.

AbstractUser.username max_length increased to 150

A migration for django.contrib.auth.models.User.username is included. If you have a custom user model inheriting from AbstractUser, you’ll need to generate and apply a database migration for your user model.

We considered an increase to 254 characters to more easily allow the use of email addresses (which are limited to 254 characters) as usernames but rejected it due to a MySQL limitation. When using the utf8mb4 encoding (recommended for proper Unicode support), MySQL can only create unique indexes with 191 characters by default. Therefore, if you need a longer length, please use a custom user model.

If you want to preserve the 30 character limit for usernames, use a custom form when creating a user or changing usernames:

from django.contrib.auth.forms import UserCreationForm

class MyUserCreationForm(UserCreationForm):
    username = forms.CharField(
        help_text="Required. 30 characters or fewer. Letters, digits and @/./+/-/_ only.",

If you wish to keep this restriction in the admin, set UserAdmin.add_form to use this form:

from django.contrib.auth.admin import UserAdmin as BaseUserAdmin
from django.contrib.auth.models import User

class UserAdmin(BaseUserAdmin):
    add_form = MyUserCreationForm

admin.site.register(User, UserAdmin)

Dropped support for PostgreSQL 9.1

Upstream support for PostgreSQL 9.1 ends in September 2016. As a consequence, Django 1.10 sets PostgreSQL 9.2 as the minimum version it officially supports.

runserver output goes through logging

Request and response handling of the runserver command is sent to the django.server logger instead of to sys.stderr. If you disable Django’s logging configuration or override it with your own, you’ll need to add the appropriate logging configuration if you want to see that output:

    # ...
    "formatters": {
        "django.server": {
            "()": "django.utils.log.ServerFormatter",
            "format": "[%(server_time)s] %(message)s",
    "handlers": {
        "django.server": {
            "level": "INFO",
            "class": "logging.StreamHandler",
            "formatter": "django.server",
    "loggers": {
        "django.server": {
            "handlers": ["django.server"],
            "level": "INFO",
            "propagate": False,

auth.CustomUser and auth.ExtensionUser test models were removed

Since the introduction of migrations for the contrib apps in Django 1.8, the tables of these custom user test models were not created anymore making them unusable in a testing context.

Apps registry is no longer auto-populated when unpickling models outside of Django

The apps registry is no longer auto-populated when unpickling models. This was added in Django 1.7.2 as an attempt to allow unpickling models outside of Django, such as in an RQ worker, without calling django.setup(), but it creates the possibility of a deadlock. To adapt your code in the case of RQ, you can provide your own worker script that calls django.setup().

Removed null assignment check for non-null foreign key fields

In older versions, assigning None to a non-nullable ForeignKey or OneToOneField raised ValueError('Cannot assign None: "model.field" does not allow null values.'). For consistency with other model fields which don’t have a similar check, this check is removed.

Removed weak password hashers from the default PASSWORD_HASHERS setting

Django 0.90 stored passwords as unsalted MD5. Django 0.91 added support for salted SHA1 with automatic upgrade of passwords when a user logs in. Django 1.4 added PBKDF2 as the default password hasher.

If you have an old Django project with MD5 or SHA1 (even salted) encoded passwords, be aware that these can be cracked fairly easily with today’s hardware. To make Django users acknowledge continued use of weak hashers, the following hashers are removed from the default PASSWORD_HASHERS setting:


Consider using a wrapped password hasher to strengthen the hashes in your database. If that’s not feasible, add the PASSWORD_HASHERS setting to your project and add back any hashers that you need.

You can check if your database has any of the removed hashers like this:

from django.contrib.auth import get_user_model

User = get_user_model()

# Unsalted MD5/SHA1:
# Salted MD5/SHA1:
# Crypt hasher:

from django.db.models import CharField
from django.db.models.functions import Length

# Unsalted MD5 passwords might not have an 'md5$$' prefix:

Field.get_prep_lookup() and Field.get_db_prep_lookup() methods are removed

If you have a custom field that implements either of these methods, register a custom lookup for it. For example:

from django.db.models import Field
from django.db.models.lookups import Exact

class MyField(Field): ...

class MyFieldExact(Exact):
    def get_prep_lookup(self):
        # do_custom_stuff_for_myfield



  • Support for SpatiaLite < 3.0 and GEOS < 3.3 is dropped.
  • The add_postgis_srs() backwards compatibility alias for django.contrib.gis.utils.add_srs_entry() is removed.
  • On Oracle/GIS, the Area aggregate function now returns a float instead of decimal.Decimal. (It’s still wrapped in a measure of square meters.)
  • The default GEOSGeometry representation (WKT output) is trimmed by default. That is, instead of POINT (23.0000000000000000 5.5000000000000000), you’ll get POINT (23 5.5).

Maximum size of a request body and the number of GET/POST parameters is limited

Two new settings help mitigate denial-of-service attacks via large requests:

Applications that receive unusually large form posts may need to tune these settings.


  • The repr() of a QuerySet is wrapped in <QuerySet > to disambiguate it from a plain list when debugging.
  • utils.version.get_version() returns PEP 440 compliant release candidate versions (e.g. ‘1.10rc1’ instead of ‘1.10c1’).
  • CSRF token values are now required to be strings of 64 alphanumerics; values of 32 alphanumerics, as set by older versions of Django by default, are automatically replaced by strings of 64 characters. Other values are considered invalid. This should only affect developers or users who replace these tokens.
  • The LOGOUT_URL setting is removed as Django hasn’t made use of it since pre-1.0. If you use it in your project, you can add it to your project’s settings. The default value was '/accounts/logout/'.
  • Objects with a close() method such as files and generators passed to HttpResponse are now closed immediately instead of when the WSGI server calls close() on the response.
  • A redundant transaction.atomic() call in QuerySet.update_or_create() is removed. This may affect query counts tested by TransactionTestCase.assertNumQueries().
  • Support for skip_validation in BaseCommand.execute(**options) is removed. Use skip_checks (added in Django 1.7) instead.
  • loaddata now raises a CommandError instead of showing a warning when the specified fixture file is not found.
  • Instead of directly accessing the LogEntry.change_message attribute, it’s now better to call the LogEntry.get_change_message() method which will provide the message in the current language.
  • The default error views now raise TemplateDoesNotExist if a nonexistent template_name is specified.
  • The unused choices keyword argument of the Select and SelectMultiple widgets’ render() method is removed. The choices argument of the render_options() method is also removed, making selected_choices the first argument.
  • Tests that violate deferrable database constraints will now error when run on a database that supports deferrable constraints.
  • Built-in management commands now use indexing of keys in options, e.g. options['verbosity'], instead of options.get() and no longer perform any type coercion. This could be a problem if you’re calling commands using Command.execute() (which bypasses the argument parser that sets a default value) instead of call_command(). Instead of calling Command.execute(), pass the command object as the first argument to call_command().
  • ModelBackend and RemoteUserBackend now reject inactive users. This means that inactive users can’t login and will be logged out if they are switched from is_active=True to False. If you need the previous behavior, use the new AllowAllUsersModelBackend or AllowAllUsersRemoteUserBackend in AUTHENTICATION_BACKENDS instead.
  • In light of the previous change, the test client’s login() method no longer always rejects inactive users but instead delegates this decision to the authentication backend. force_login() also delegates the decision to the authentication backend, so if you’re using the default backends, you need to use an active user.
  • django.views.i18n.set_language() may now return a 204 status code for AJAX requests.
  • The base_field attribute of RangeField is now a type of field, not an instance of a field. If you have created a custom subclass of RangeField, you should change the base_field attribute.
  • Middleware classes are now initialized when the server starts rather than during the first request.
  • If you override is_authenticated() or is_anonymous() in a custom user model, you must convert them to attributes or properties as described in the deprecation note.
  • When using ModelAdmin.save_as=True, the “Save as new” button now redirects to the change view for the new object instead of to the model’s changelist. If you need the previous behavior, set the new ModelAdmin.save_as_continue attribute to False.
  • Required form fields now have the required HTML attribute. Set the Form.use_required_attribute attribute to False to disable it. You could also add the novalidate attribute to <form> if you don’t want browser validation. To disable the required attribute on custom widgets, override the Widget.use_required_attribute() method.
  • The WSGI handler no longer removes content of responses from HEAD requests or responses with a status_code of 100-199, 204, or 304. Most web servers already implement this behavior. Responses retrieved using the Django test client continue to have these “response fixes” applied.
  • Model.__init__() now receives django.db.models.DEFERRED as the value of deferred fields.
  • The Model._deferred attribute is removed as dynamic model classes when using QuerySet.defer() and only() is removed.
  • Storage.save() no longer replaces '\' with '/'. This behavior is moved to FileSystemStorage since this is a storage specific implementation detail. Any Windows user with a custom storage implementation that relies on this behavior will need to implement it in the custom storage’s save() method.
  • Private FileField methods get_directory_name() and get_filename() are no longer called (and are now deprecated) which is a backwards incompatible change for users overriding those methods on custom fields. To adapt such code, override FileField.generate_filename() or Storage.generate_filename() instead. It might be possible to use upload_to also.
  • The subject of mail sent by AdminEmailHandler is no longer truncated at 989 characters. If you were counting on a limited length, truncate the subject yourself.
  • Private expressions django.db.models.expressions.Date and DateTime are removed. The new Trunc expressions provide the same functionality.
  • The _base_manager and _default_manager attributes are removed from model instances. They remain accessible on the model class.
  • Accessing a deleted field on a model instance, e.g. after del obj.field, reloads the field’s value instead of raising AttributeError.
  • If you subclass AbstractBaseUser and override clean(), be sure it calls super(). AbstractBaseUser.normalize_username() is called in a new AbstractBaseUser.clean() method.
  • Private API django.forms.models.model_to_dict() returns a queryset rather than a list of primary keys for ManyToManyFields.
  • If django.contrib.staticfiles is installed, the static template tag uses the staticfiles storage to construct the URL rather than simply joining the value with STATIC_ROOT. The new approach encodes the URL, which could be backwards-incompatible in cases such as including a fragment in a path, e.g. {% static 'img.svg#fragment' %}, since the # is encoded as %23. To adapt, move the fragment outside the template tag: {% static 'img.svg' %}#fragment.
  • When USE_L10N is True, localization is now applied for the date and time filters when no format string is specified. The DATE_FORMAT and TIME_FORMAT specifiers from the active locale are used instead of the settings of the same name.

Features deprecated in 1.10

Direct assignment to a reverse foreign key or many-to-many relation

Instead of assigning related objects using direct assignment:

>>> new_list = [obj1, obj2, obj3]
>>> e.related_set = new_list

Use the set() method added in Django 1.9:

>>> e.related_set.set([obj1, obj2, obj3])

This prevents confusion about an assignment resulting in an implicit save.

Non-timezone-aware Storage API

The old, non-timezone-aware methods accessed_time(), created_time(), and modified_time() are deprecated in favor of the new get_*_time() methods.

Third-party storage backends should implement the new methods and mark the old ones as deprecated. Until then, the new get_*_time() methods on the base Storage class convert datetimes from the old methods as required and emit a deprecation warning as they do so.

Third-party storage backends may retain the old methods as long as they wish to support earlier versions of Django.


  • The get_srid() and set_srid() methods of GEOSGeometry are deprecated in favor of the srid property.
  • The get_x(), set_x(), get_y(), set_y(), get_z(), and set_z() methods of Point are deprecated in favor of the x, y, and z properties.
  • The get_coords() and set_coords() methods of Point are deprecated in favor of the tuple property.
  • The cascaded_union property of MultiPolygon is deprecated in favor of the unary_union property.
  • The django.contrib.gis.utils.precision_wkt() function is deprecated in favor of WKTWriter.

CommaSeparatedIntegerField model field

CommaSeparatedIntegerField is deprecated in favor of CharField with the validate_comma_separated_integer_list() validator:

from django.core.validators import validate_comma_separated_integer_list
from django.db import models

class MyModel(models.Model):
    numbers = models.CharField(..., validators=[validate_comma_separated_integer_list])

If you’re using Oracle, CharField uses a different database field type (NVARCHAR2) than CommaSeparatedIntegerField (VARCHAR2). Depending on your database settings, this might imply a different encoding, and thus a different length (in bytes) for the same contents. If your stored values are longer than the 4000 byte limit of NVARCHAR2, you should use TextField (NCLOB) instead. In this case, if you have any queries that group by the field (e.g. annotating the model with an aggregation or using distinct()) you’ll need to change them (to defer the field).

__search query lookup

The search lookup, which supports MySQL only and is extremely limited in features, is deprecated. Replace it with a custom lookup:

from django.db import models

class Search(models.Lookup):
    lookup_name = "search"

    def as_mysql(self, compiler, connection):
        lhs, lhs_params = self.process_lhs(compiler, connection)
        rhs, rhs_params = self.process_rhs(compiler, connection)
        params = lhs_params + rhs_params
        return "MATCH (%s) AGAINST (%s IN BOOLEAN MODE)" % (lhs, rhs), params


Using User.is_authenticated() and User.is_anonymous() as methods

The is_authenticated() and is_anonymous() methods of AbstractBaseUser and AnonymousUser classes are now properties. They will still work as methods until Django 2.0, but all usage in Django now uses attribute access.

For example, if you use AuthenticationMiddleware and want to know whether the user is currently logged-in you would use:

if request.user.is_authenticated:
    ...  # Do something for logged-in users.
    ...  # Do something for anonymous users.

instead of request.user.is_authenticated().

This change avoids accidental information leakage if you forget to call the method, e.g.:

if request.user.is_authenticated:
    return sensitive_information

If you override these methods in a custom user model, you must change them to properties or attributes.

Django uses a CallableBool object to allow these attributes to work as both a property and a method. Thus, until the deprecation period ends, you cannot compare these properties using the is operator. That is, the following won’t work:

if request.user.is_authenticated is True:

The “escape” half of django.utils.safestring

The mark_for_escaping() function and the classes it uses: EscapeData, EscapeBytes, EscapeText, EscapeString, and EscapeUnicode are deprecated.

As a result, the “lazy” behavior of the escape filter (where it would always be applied as the last filter no matter where in the filter chain it appeared) is deprecated. The filter will change to immediately apply conditional_escape() in Django 2.0.


  • The makemigrations --exit option is deprecated in favor of the makemigrations --check option.
  • django.utils.functional.allow_lazy() is deprecated in favor of the new keep_lazy() function which can be used with a more natural decorator syntax.
  • The shell --plain option is deprecated in favor of -i python or --interface python.
  • Importing from the django.core.urlresolvers module is deprecated in favor of its new location, django.urls.
  • The template Context.has_key() method is deprecated in favor of in.
  • The private attribute virtual_fields of Model._meta is deprecated in favor of private_fields.
  • The private keyword arguments virtual_only in Field.contribute_to_class() and virtual in Model._meta.add_field() are deprecated in favor of private_only and private, respectively.
  • The javascript_catalog() and json_catalog() views are deprecated in favor of class-based views JavaScriptCatalog and JSONCatalog.
  • In multi-table inheritance, implicit promotion of a OneToOneField to a parent_link is deprecated. Add parent_link=True to such fields.
  • The private API Widget._format_value() is made public and renamed to format_value(). The old name will work through a deprecation period.
  • Private FileField methods get_directory_name() and get_filename() are deprecated in favor of performing this work in Storage.generate_filename()).
  • Old-style middleware that uses settings.MIDDLEWARE_CLASSES are deprecated. Adapt old, custom middleware and use the new MIDDLEWARE setting.

Features removed in 1.10

These features have reached the end of their deprecation cycle and are removed in Django 1.10. See Features deprecated in 1.8 for details, including how to remove usage of these features.

  • Support for calling a SQLCompiler directly as an alias for calling its quote_name_unless_alias method is removed.
  • The cycle and firstof template tags are removed from the future template tag library.
  • django.conf.urls.patterns() is removed.
  • Support for the prefix argument to django.conf.urls.i18n.i18n_patterns() is removed.
  • SimpleTestCase.urls is removed.
  • Using an incorrect count of unpacked values in the for template tag raises an exception rather than failing silently.
  • The ability to reverse() URLs using a dotted Python path is removed.
  • The ability to use a dotted Python path for the LOGIN_URL and LOGIN_REDIRECT_URL settings is removed.
  • Support for optparse is dropped for custom management commands.
  • The class django.core.management.NoArgsCommand is removed.
  • django.core.context_processors module is removed.
  • django.db.models.sql.aggregates module is removed.
  • django.contrib.gis.db.models.sql.aggregates module is removed.
  • The following methods and properties of django.db.sql.query.Query are removed:
    • Properties: aggregates and aggregate_select
    • Methods: add_aggregate, set_aggregate_mask, and append_aggregate_mask.
  • django.template.resolve_variable is removed.
  • The following private APIs are removed from django.db.models.options.Options (Model._meta):
    • get_field_by_name()
    • get_all_field_names()
    • get_fields_with_model()
    • get_concrete_fields_with_model()
    • get_m2m_with_model()
    • get_all_related_objects()
    • get_all_related_objects_with_model()
    • get_all_related_many_to_many_objects()
    • get_all_related_m2m_objects_with_model()
  • The error_message argument of django.forms.RegexField is removed.
  • The unordered_list filter no longer supports old style lists.
  • Support for string view arguments to url() is removed.
  • The backward compatible shim to rename django.forms.Form._has_changed() to has_changed() is removed.
  • The removetags template filter is removed.
  • The remove_tags() and strip_entities() functions in django.utils.html is removed.
  • The is_admin_site argument to django.contrib.auth.views.password_reset() is removed.
  • django.db.models.field.subclassing.SubfieldBase is removed.
  • django.utils.checksums is removed.
  • The original_content_type_id attribute on django.contrib.admin.helpers.InlineAdminForm is removed.
  • The backwards compatibility shim to allow FormMixin.get_form() to be defined with no default value for its form_class argument is removed.
  • The following settings are removed, and you must upgrade to the TEMPLATES setting:
  • The backwards compatibility alias django.template.loader.BaseLoader is removed.
  • Django template objects returned by get_template() and select_template() no longer accept a Context in their render() method.
  • Template response APIs enforce the use of dict and backend-dependent template objects instead of Context and Template respectively.
  • The current_app parameter for the following function and classes is removed:
    • django.shortcuts.render()
    • django.template.Context()
    • django.template.RequestContext()
    • django.template.response.TemplateResponse()
  • The dictionary and context_instance parameters for the following functions are removed:
    • django.shortcuts.render()
    • django.shortcuts.render_to_response()
    • django.template.loader.render_to_string()
  • The dirs parameter for the following functions is removed:
    • django.template.loader.get_template()
    • django.template.loader.select_template()
    • django.shortcuts.render()
    • django.shortcuts.render_to_response()
  • Session verification is enabled regardless of whether or not 'django.contrib.auth.middleware.SessionAuthenticationMiddleware' is in MIDDLEWARE_CLASSES. SessionAuthenticationMiddleware no longer has any purpose and can be removed from MIDDLEWARE_CLASSES. It’s kept as a stub until Django 2.0 as a courtesy for users who don’t read this note.
  • Private attribute django.db.models.Field.related is removed.
  • The --list option of the migrate management command is removed.
  • The ssi template tag is removed.
  • Support for the = comparison operator in the if template tag is removed.
  • The backwards compatibility shims to allow Storage.get_available_name() and Storage.save() to be defined without a max_length argument are removed.
  • Support for the legacy %(<foo>)s syntax in ModelFormMixin.success_url is removed.
  • GeoQuerySet aggregate methods collect(), extent(), extent3d(), make_line(), and unionagg() are removed.
  • The ability to specify ContentType.name when creating a content type instance is removed.
  • Support for the old signature of allow_migrate is removed.
  • Support for the syntax of {% cycle %} that uses comma-separated arguments is removed.
  • The warning that Signer issued when given an invalid separator is now a ValueError.
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