The redirects app¶
Django comes with an optional redirects application. It lets you store simple redirects in a database and handles the redirecting for you. It uses the HTTP response status code 301 Moved Permanently by default.
To install the redirects app, follow these steps:
How it works¶
manage.py migrate creates a django_redirect table in your database. This is a simple lookup table with site_id, old_path and new_path fields.
The RedirectFallbackMiddleware does all of the work. Each time any Django application raises a 404 error, this middleware checks the redirects database for the requested URL as a last resort. Specifically, it checks for a redirect with the given old_path with a site ID that corresponds to the SITE_ID setting.
- If it finds a match, and new_path is not empty, it redirects to new_path using a 301 (“Moved Permanently”) redirect. You can subclass RedirectFallbackMiddleware and set response_redirect_class to django.http.HttpResponseRedirect to use a 302 Moved Temporarily redirect instead.
- If it finds a match, and new_path is empty, it sends a 410 (“Gone”) HTTP header and empty (content-less) response.
- If it doesn’t find a match, the request continues to be processed as usual.
The middleware only gets activated for 404s – not for 500s or responses of any other status code.
For more on middleware, read the middleware docs.
How to add, change and delete redirects¶
Via the admin interface¶
If you’ve activated the automatic Django admin interface, you should see a “Redirects” section on the admin index page. Edit redirects as you edit any other object in the system.
- class middleware.RedirectFallbackMiddleware¶
Defaults to HttpResponseGone.