django.core.files module and its submodules contain built-in classes
for basic file handling in Django.
Fileclass is a thin wrapper around a Python file object with some Django-specific additions. Internally, Django uses this class when it needs to represent a file.
Fileobjects have the following attributes and methods:
The name of the file including the relative path from
The size of the file in bytes.
The underlying file object that this class wraps.
Be careful with this attribute in subclasses.
Some subclasses of
FieldFile, may replace this attribute with an object other than a Python file object. In these cases, this attribute may itself be a
Filesubclass (and not necessarily the same subclass). Whenever possible, use the attributes and methods of the subclass itself rather than the those of the subclass’s
The read/write mode for the file.
Open or reopen the file (which also does
modeargument allows the same values as Python’s built-in
When reopening a file,
modewill override whatever mode the file was originally opened with;
Nonemeans to reopen with the original mode.
It can be used as a context manager, e.g.
with file.open() as f:.
Iterate over the file yielding “chunks” of a given size.
chunk_sizedefaults to 64 KB.
This is especially useful with very large files since it allows them to be streamed off disk and avoids storing the whole file in memory.
Trueif the file is large enough to require multiple chunks to access all of its content give some
In addition to the listed methods,
Fileexposes the following attributes and methods of its
ContentFileclass inherits from
File, but unlike
Fileit operates on string content (bytes also supported), rather than an actual file. For example:
from django.core.files.base import ContentFile f1 = ContentFile("esta frase está en español") f2 = ContentFile(b"these are bytes")
Django provides a built-in class specifically for images.
django.core.files.images.ImageFileinherits all the attributes and methods of
File, and additionally provides the following:
Width of the image in pixels.
Height of the image in pixels.
Additional methods on files attached to objects¶
File that is associated with an object (as with
below) will also have a couple of extra methods:
save(name, content, save=True)¶
Saves a new file with the file name and contents provided. This will not replace the existing file, but will create a new file and update the object to point to it. If
True, the model’s
save()method will be called once the file is saved. That is, these two lines:
>>> car.photo.save('myphoto.jpg', content, save=False) >>> car.save()
are equivalent to:
>>> car.photo.save('myphoto.jpg', content, save=True)
Note that the
contentargument must be an instance of either
Fileor of a subclass of
File, such as
Removes the file from the model instance and deletes the underlying file. If
True, the model’s
save()method will be called once the file is deleted.