django.utils.module_loading のソースコード

import copy
import os
from importlib import import_module
from importlib.util import find_spec as importlib_find

[ドキュメント]def import_string(dotted_path): """ Import a dotted module path and return the attribute/class designated by the last name in the path. Raise ImportError if the import failed. """ try: module_path, class_name = dotted_path.rsplit('.', 1) except ValueError as err: raise ImportError("%s doesn't look like a module path" % dotted_path) from err module = import_module(module_path) try: return getattr(module, class_name) except AttributeError as err: raise ImportError('Module "%s" does not define a "%s" attribute/class' % ( module_path, class_name) ) from err
def autodiscover_modules(*args, **kwargs): """ Auto-discover INSTALLED_APPS modules and fail silently when not present. This forces an import on them to register any admin bits they may want. You may provide a register_to keyword parameter as a way to access a registry. This register_to object must have a _registry instance variable to access it. """ from django.apps import apps register_to = kwargs.get('register_to') for app_config in apps.get_app_configs(): for module_to_search in args: # Attempt to import the app's module. try: if register_to: before_import_registry = copy.copy(register_to._registry) import_module('%s.%s' % (, module_to_search)) except Exception: # Reset the registry to the state before the last import # as this import will have to reoccur on the next request and # this could raise NotRegistered and AlreadyRegistered # exceptions (see #8245). if register_to: register_to._registry = before_import_registry # Decide whether to bubble up this error. If the app just # doesn't have the module in question, we can ignore the error # attempting to import it, otherwise we want it to bubble up. if module_has_submodule(app_config.module, module_to_search): raise def module_has_submodule(package, module_name): """See if 'module' is in 'package'.""" try: package_name = package.__name__ package_path = package.__path__ except AttributeError: # package isn't a package. return False full_module_name = package_name + '.' + module_name try: return importlib_find(full_module_name, package_path) is not None except (ImportError, AttributeError): # When module_name is an invalid dotted path, Python raises ImportError # (or ModuleNotFoundError in Python 3.6+). AttributeError may be raised # if the penultimate part of the path is not a package. # ( return False def module_dir(module): """ Find the name of the directory that contains a module, if possible. Raise ValueError otherwise, e.g. for namespace packages that are split over several directories. """ # Convert to list because _NamespacePath does not support indexing on 3.3. paths = list(getattr(module, '__path__', [])) if len(paths) == 1: return paths[0] else: filename = getattr(module, '__file__', None) if filename is not None: return os.path.dirname(filename) raise ValueError("Cannot determine directory containing %s" % module)
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