Código fuente para django.utils.html

"""HTML utilities suitable for global use."""

import html
import json
import re
from html.parser import HTMLParser
from urllib.parse import parse_qsl, quote, unquote, urlencode, urlsplit, urlunsplit

from django.utils.encoding import punycode
from django.utils.functional import Promise, keep_lazy, keep_lazy_text
from django.utils.http import RFC3986_GENDELIMS, RFC3986_SUBDELIMS
from django.utils.regex_helper import _lazy_re_compile
from django.utils.safestring import SafeData, SafeString, mark_safe
from django.utils.text import normalize_newlines

[documentos]@keep_lazy(SafeString) def escape(text): """ Return the given text with ampersands, quotes and angle brackets encoded for use in HTML. Always escape input, even if it's already escaped and marked as such. This may result in double-escaping. If this is a concern, use conditional_escape() instead. """ return SafeString(html.escape(str(text)))
_js_escapes = { ord("\\"): "\\u005C", ord("'"): "\\u0027", ord('"'): "\\u0022", ord(">"): "\\u003E", ord("<"): "\\u003C", ord("&"): "\\u0026", ord("="): "\\u003D", ord("-"): "\\u002D", ord(";"): "\\u003B", ord("`"): "\\u0060", ord("\u2028"): "\\u2028", ord("\u2029"): "\\u2029", } # Escape every ASCII character with a value less than 32. _js_escapes.update((ord("%c" % z), "\\u%04X" % z) for z in range(32)) @keep_lazy(SafeString) def escapejs(value): """Hex encode characters for use in JavaScript strings.""" return mark_safe(str(value).translate(_js_escapes)) _json_script_escapes = { ord(">"): "\\u003E", ord("<"): "\\u003C", ord("&"): "\\u0026", }
[documentos]def json_script(value, element_id=None): """ Escape all the HTML/XML special characters with their unicode escapes, so value is safe to be output anywhere except for inside a tag attribute. Wrap the escaped JSON in a script tag. """ from django.core.serializers.json import DjangoJSONEncoder json_str = json.dumps(value, cls=DjangoJSONEncoder).translate(_json_script_escapes) if element_id: template = '<script id="{}" type="application/json">{}</script>' args = (element_id, mark_safe(json_str)) else: template = '<script type="application/json">{}</script>' args = (mark_safe(json_str),) return format_html(template, *args)
[documentos]def conditional_escape(text): """ Similar to escape(), except that it doesn't operate on pre-escaped strings. This function relies on the __html__ convention used both by Django's SafeData class and by third-party libraries like markupsafe. """ if isinstance(text, Promise): text = str(text) if hasattr(text, "__html__"): return text.__html__() else: return escape(text)
[documentos]def format_html(format_string, *args, **kwargs): """ Similar to str.format, but pass all arguments through conditional_escape(), and call mark_safe() on the result. This function should be used instead of str.format or % interpolation to build up small HTML fragments. """ args_safe = map(conditional_escape, args) kwargs_safe = {k: conditional_escape(v) for (k, v) in kwargs.items()} return mark_safe(format_string.format(*args_safe, **kwargs_safe))
[documentos]def format_html_join(sep, format_string, args_generator): """ A wrapper of format_html, for the common case of a group of arguments that need to be formatted using the same format string, and then joined using 'sep'. 'sep' is also passed through conditional_escape. 'args_generator' should be an iterator that returns the sequence of 'args' that will be passed to format_html. Example: format_html_join('\n', "<li>{} {}</li>", ((u.first_name, u.last_name) for u in users)) """ return mark_safe( conditional_escape(sep).join( format_html(format_string, *args) for args in args_generator ) )
@keep_lazy_text def linebreaks(value, autoescape=False): """Convert newlines into <p> and <br>s.""" value = normalize_newlines(value) paras = re.split("\n{2,}", str(value)) if autoescape: paras = ["<p>%s</p>" % escape(p).replace("\n", "<br>") for p in paras] else: paras = ["<p>%s</p>" % p.replace("\n", "<br>") for p in paras] return "\n\n".join(paras) class MLStripper(HTMLParser): def __init__(self): super().__init__(convert_charrefs=False) self.reset() self.fed = [] def handle_data(self, d): self.fed.append(d) def handle_entityref(self, name): self.fed.append("&%s;" % name) def handle_charref(self, name): self.fed.append("&#%s;" % name) def get_data(self): return "".join(self.fed) def _strip_once(value): """ Internal tag stripping utility used by strip_tags. """ s = MLStripper() s.feed(value) s.close() return s.get_data()
[documentos]@keep_lazy_text def strip_tags(value): """Return the given HTML with all tags stripped.""" # Note: in typical case this loop executes _strip_once once. Loop condition # is redundant, but helps to reduce number of executions of _strip_once. value = str(value) while "<" in value and ">" in value: new_value = _strip_once(value) if value.count("<") == new_value.count("<"): # _strip_once wasn't able to detect more tags. break value = new_value return value
@keep_lazy_text def strip_spaces_between_tags(value): """Return the given HTML with spaces between tags removed.""" return re.sub(r">\s+<", "><", str(value)) def smart_urlquote(url): """Quote a URL if it isn't already quoted.""" def unquote_quote(segment): segment = unquote(segment) # Tilde is part of RFC3986 Unreserved Characters # https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3986#section-2.3 # See also https://bugs.python.org/issue16285 return quote(segment, safe=RFC3986_SUBDELIMS + RFC3986_GENDELIMS + "~") # Handle IDN before quoting. try: scheme, netloc, path, query, fragment = urlsplit(url) except ValueError: # invalid IPv6 URL (normally square brackets in hostname part). return unquote_quote(url) try: netloc = punycode(netloc) # IDN -> ACE except UnicodeError: # invalid domain part return unquote_quote(url) if query: # Separately unquoting key/value, so as to not mix querystring separators # included in query values. See #22267. query_parts = [ (unquote(q[0]), unquote(q[1])) for q in parse_qsl(query, keep_blank_values=True) ] # urlencode will take care of quoting query = urlencode(query_parts) path = unquote_quote(path) fragment = unquote_quote(fragment) return urlunsplit((scheme, netloc, path, query, fragment)) class Urlizer: """ Convert any URLs in text into clickable links. Work on http://, https://, www. links, and also on links ending in one of the original seven gTLDs (.com, .edu, .gov, .int, .mil, .net, and .org). Links can have trailing punctuation (periods, commas, close-parens) and leading punctuation (opening parens) and it'll still do the right thing. """ trailing_punctuation_chars = ".,:;!" wrapping_punctuation = [("(", ")"), ("[", "]")] simple_url_re = _lazy_re_compile(r"^https?://\[?\w", re.IGNORECASE) simple_url_2_re = _lazy_re_compile( r"^www\.|^(?!http)\w[^@]+\.(com|edu|gov|int|mil|net|org)($|/.*)$", re.IGNORECASE ) word_split_re = _lazy_re_compile(r"""([\s<>"']+)""") mailto_template = "mailto:{local}@{domain}" url_template = '<a href="{href}"{attrs}>{url}</a>' def __call__(self, text, trim_url_limit=None, nofollow=False, autoescape=False): """ If trim_url_limit is not None, truncate the URLs in the link text longer than this limit to trim_url_limit - 1 characters and append an ellipsis. If nofollow is True, give the links a rel="nofollow" attribute. If autoescape is True, autoescape the link text and URLs. """ safe_input = isinstance(text, SafeData) words = self.word_split_re.split(str(text)) return "".join( [ self.handle_word( word, safe_input=safe_input, trim_url_limit=trim_url_limit, nofollow=nofollow, autoescape=autoescape, ) for word in words ] ) def handle_word( self, word, *, safe_input, trim_url_limit=None, nofollow=False, autoescape=False, ): if "." in word or "@" in word or ":" in word: # lead: Punctuation trimmed from the beginning of the word. # middle: State of the word. # trail: Punctuation trimmed from the end of the word. lead, middle, trail = self.trim_punctuation(word) # Make URL we want to point to. url = None nofollow_attr = ' rel="nofollow"' if nofollow else "" if self.simple_url_re.match(middle): url = smart_urlquote(html.unescape(middle)) elif self.simple_url_2_re.match(middle): url = smart_urlquote("http://%s" % html.unescape(middle)) elif ":" not in middle and self.is_email_simple(middle): local, domain = middle.rsplit("@", 1) try: domain = punycode(domain) except UnicodeError: return word url = self.mailto_template.format(local=local, domain=domain) nofollow_attr = "" # Make link. if url: trimmed = self.trim_url(middle, limit=trim_url_limit) if autoescape and not safe_input: lead, trail = escape(lead), escape(trail) trimmed = escape(trimmed) middle = self.url_template.format( href=escape(url), attrs=nofollow_attr, url=trimmed, ) return mark_safe(f"{lead}{middle}{trail}") else: if safe_input: return mark_safe(word) elif autoescape: return escape(word) elif safe_input: return mark_safe(word) elif autoescape: return escape(word) return word def trim_url(self, x, *, limit): if limit is None or len(x) <= limit: return x return "%s…" % x[: max(0, limit - 1)] def trim_punctuation(self, word): """ Trim trailing and wrapping punctuation from `word`. Return the items of the new state. """ lead, middle, trail = "", word, "" # Continue trimming until middle remains unchanged. trimmed_something = True while trimmed_something: trimmed_something = False # Trim wrapping punctuation. for opening, closing in self.wrapping_punctuation: if middle.startswith(opening): middle = middle[len(opening) :] lead += opening trimmed_something = True # Keep parentheses at the end only if they're balanced. if ( middle.endswith(closing) and middle.count(closing) == middle.count(opening) + 1 ): middle = middle[: -len(closing)] trail = closing + trail trimmed_something = True # Trim trailing punctuation (after trimming wrapping punctuation, # as encoded entities contain ';'). Unescape entities to avoid # breaking them by removing ';'. middle_unescaped = html.unescape(middle) stripped = middle_unescaped.rstrip(self.trailing_punctuation_chars) if middle_unescaped != stripped: punctuation_count = len(middle_unescaped) - len(stripped) trail = middle[-punctuation_count:] + trail middle = middle[:-punctuation_count] trimmed_something = True return lead, middle, trail @staticmethod def is_email_simple(value): """Return True if value looks like an email address.""" # An @ must be in the middle of the value. if "@" not in value or value.startswith("@") or value.endswith("@"): return False try: p1, p2 = value.split("@") except ValueError: # value contains more than one @. return False # Dot must be in p2 (e.g. example.com) if "." not in p2 or p2.startswith("."): return False return True urlizer = Urlizer() @keep_lazy_text def urlize(text, trim_url_limit=None, nofollow=False, autoescape=False): return urlizer( text, trim_url_limit=trim_url_limit, nofollow=nofollow, autoescape=autoescape ) def avoid_wrapping(value): """ Avoid text wrapping in the middle of a phrase by adding non-breaking spaces where there previously were normal spaces. """ return value.replace(" ", "\xa0")
[documentos]def html_safe(klass): """ A decorator that defines the __html__ method. This helps non-Django templates to detect classes whose __str__ methods return SafeString. """ if "__html__" in klass.__dict__: raise ValueError( "can't apply @html_safe to %s because it defines " "__html__()." % klass.__name__ ) if "__str__" not in klass.__dict__: raise ValueError( "can't apply @html_safe to %s because it doesn't " "define __str__()." % klass.__name__ ) klass_str = klass.__str__ klass.__str__ = lambda self: mark_safe(klass_str(self)) klass.__html__ = lambda self: str(self) return klass
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