Source code for django.db.models.functions.datetime

from __future__ import absolute_import

from datetime import datetime

from django.conf import settings
from django.db.models import (
    DateField, DateTimeField, IntegerField, TimeField, Transform,
from django.db.models.lookups import (
    YearExact, YearGt, YearGte, YearLt, YearLte,
from django.utils import timezone
from django.utils.functional import cached_property

class TimezoneMixin(object):
    tzinfo = None

    def get_tzname(self):
        # Timezone conversions must happen to the input datetime *before*
        # applying a function. 2015-12-31 23:00:00 -02:00 is stored in the
        # database as 2016-01-01 01:00:00 +00:00. Any results should be
        # based on the input datetime not the stored datetime.
        tzname = None
        if settings.USE_TZ:
            if self.tzinfo is None:
                tzname = timezone.get_current_timezone_name()
                tzname = timezone._get_timezone_name(self.tzinfo)
        return tzname

[docs]class Extract(TimezoneMixin, Transform): lookup_name = None def __init__(self, expression, lookup_name=None, tzinfo=None, **extra): if self.lookup_name is None: self.lookup_name = lookup_name if self.lookup_name is None: raise ValueError('lookup_name must be provided') self.tzinfo = tzinfo super(Extract, self).__init__(expression, **extra) def as_sql(self, compiler, connection): sql, params = compiler.compile(self.lhs) lhs_output_field = self.lhs.output_field if isinstance(lhs_output_field, DateTimeField): tzname = self.get_tzname() sql, tz_params = connection.ops.datetime_extract_sql(self.lookup_name, sql, tzname) params.extend(tz_params) elif isinstance(lhs_output_field, DateField): sql = connection.ops.date_extract_sql(self.lookup_name, sql) elif isinstance(lhs_output_field, TimeField): sql = connection.ops.time_extract_sql(self.lookup_name, sql) else: # resolve_expression has already validated the output_field so this # assert should never be hit. assert False, "Tried to Extract from an invalid type." return sql, params def resolve_expression(self, query=None, allow_joins=True, reuse=None, summarize=False, for_save=False): copy = super(Extract, self).resolve_expression(query, allow_joins, reuse, summarize, for_save) field = copy.lhs.output_field if not isinstance(field, (DateField, DateTimeField, TimeField)): raise ValueError('Extract input expression must be DateField, DateTimeField, or TimeField.') # Passing dates to functions expecting datetimes is most likely a mistake. if type(field) == DateField and copy.lookup_name in ('hour', 'minute', 'second'): raise ValueError( "Cannot extract time component '%s' from DateField '%s'. " % (copy.lookup_name, ) return copy @cached_property def output_field(self): return IntegerField()
[docs]class ExtractYear(Extract): lookup_name = 'year'
[docs]class ExtractMonth(Extract): lookup_name = 'month'
[docs]class ExtractDay(Extract): lookup_name = 'day'
[docs]class ExtractWeekDay(Extract): """ Return Sunday=1 through Saturday=7. To replicate this in Python: (mydatetime.isoweekday() % 7) + 1 """ lookup_name = 'week_day'
[docs]class ExtractHour(Extract): lookup_name = 'hour'
[docs]class ExtractMinute(Extract): lookup_name = 'minute'
[docs]class ExtractSecond(Extract): lookup_name = 'second'
DateField.register_lookup(ExtractYear) DateField.register_lookup(ExtractMonth) DateField.register_lookup(ExtractDay) DateField.register_lookup(ExtractWeekDay) TimeField.register_lookup(ExtractHour) TimeField.register_lookup(ExtractMinute) TimeField.register_lookup(ExtractSecond) DateTimeField.register_lookup(ExtractYear) DateTimeField.register_lookup(ExtractMonth) DateTimeField.register_lookup(ExtractDay) DateTimeField.register_lookup(ExtractWeekDay) DateTimeField.register_lookup(ExtractHour) DateTimeField.register_lookup(ExtractMinute) DateTimeField.register_lookup(ExtractSecond) ExtractYear.register_lookup(YearExact) ExtractYear.register_lookup(YearGt) ExtractYear.register_lookup(YearGte) ExtractYear.register_lookup(YearLt) ExtractYear.register_lookup(YearLte) class TruncBase(TimezoneMixin, Transform): arity = 1 kind = None tzinfo = None def __init__(self, expression, output_field=None, tzinfo=None, **extra): self.tzinfo = tzinfo super(TruncBase, self).__init__(expression, output_field=output_field, **extra) def as_sql(self, compiler, connection): inner_sql, inner_params = compiler.compile(self.lhs) # Escape any params because trunc_sql will format the string. inner_sql = inner_sql.replace('%s', '%%s') if isinstance(self.output_field, DateTimeField): tzname = self.get_tzname() sql, params = connection.ops.datetime_trunc_sql(self.kind, inner_sql, tzname) elif isinstance(self.output_field, DateField): sql = connection.ops.date_trunc_sql(self.kind, inner_sql) params = [] else: raise ValueError('Trunc only valid on DateField or DateTimeField.') return sql, inner_params + params def resolve_expression(self, query=None, allow_joins=True, reuse=None, summarize=False, for_save=False): copy = super(TruncBase, self).resolve_expression(query, allow_joins, reuse, summarize, for_save) field = copy.lhs.output_field # DateTimeField is a subclass of DateField so this works for both. assert isinstance(field, DateField), ( "%r isn't a DateField or DateTimeField." % ) # If self.output_field was None, then accessing the field will trigger # the resolver to assign it to self.lhs.output_field. if not isinstance(copy.output_field, (DateField, DateTimeField)): raise ValueError('output_field must be either DateField or DateTimeField') # Passing dates to functions expecting datetimes is most likely a # mistake. if type(field) == DateField and ( isinstance(copy.output_field, DateTimeField) or copy.kind in ('hour', 'minute', 'second')): raise ValueError("Cannot truncate DateField '%s' to DateTimeField. " % return copy def convert_value(self, value, expression, connection, context): if isinstance(self.output_field, DateTimeField): if settings.USE_TZ: if value is None: raise ValueError( "Database returned an invalid datetime value. " "Are time zone definitions for your database and pytz installed?" ) value = value.replace(tzinfo=None) value = timezone.make_aware(value, self.tzinfo) elif isinstance(value, datetime): # self.output_field is definitely a DateField here. value = return value
[docs]class Trunc(TruncBase): def __init__(self, expression, kind, output_field=None, tzinfo=None, **extra): self.kind = kind super(Trunc, self).__init__(expression, output_field=output_field, tzinfo=tzinfo, **extra)
[docs]class TruncYear(TruncBase): kind = 'year'
[docs]class TruncMonth(TruncBase): kind = 'month'
[docs]class TruncDay(TruncBase): kind = 'day'
[docs]class TruncDate(TruncBase): lookup_name = 'date' @cached_property def output_field(self): return DateField() def as_sql(self, compiler, connection): # Cast to date rather than truncate to date. lhs, lhs_params = compiler.compile(self.lhs) tzname = timezone.get_current_timezone_name() if settings.USE_TZ else None sql, tz_params = connection.ops.datetime_cast_date_sql(lhs, tzname) lhs_params.extend(tz_params) return sql, lhs_params
[docs]class TruncHour(TruncBase): kind = 'hour' @cached_property def output_field(self): return DateTimeField()
[docs]class TruncMinute(TruncBase): kind = 'minute' @cached_property def output_field(self): return DateTimeField()
[docs]class TruncSecond(TruncBase): kind = 'second' @cached_property def output_field(self): return DateTimeField()
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