• Language: en
  • 5.0
  • dev
  • Documentation version: 5.1

Django 5.0 release notes

December 4, 2023

Welcome to Django 5.0!

These release notes cover the new features, as well as some backwards incompatible changes you’ll want to be aware of when upgrading from Django 4.2 or earlier. We’ve begun the deprecation process for some features.

See the How to upgrade Django to a newer version guide if you’re updating an existing project.

Python compatibility

Django 5.0 supports Python 3.10, 3.11, and 3.12. We highly recommend and only officially support the latest release of each series.

The Django 4.2.x series is the last to support Python 3.8 and 3.9.

Third-party library support for older version of Django

Following the release of Django 5.0, we suggest that third-party app authors drop support for all versions of Django prior to 4.2. At that time, you should be able to run your package’s tests using python -Wd so that deprecation warnings appear. After making the deprecation warning fixes, your app should be compatible with Django 5.0.

What’s new in Django 5.0

Facet filters in the admin

Facet counts are now shown for applied filters in the admin changelist when toggled on via the UI. This behavior can be changed via the new ModelAdmin.show_facets attribute. For more information see Facets.

Simplified templates for form field rendering

Django 5.0 introduces the concept of a field group, and field group templates. This simplifies rendering of the related elements of a Django form field such as its label, widget, help text, and errors.

For example, the template below:

<form>
...
<div>
  {{ form.name.label_tag }}
  {% if form.name.help_text %}
    <div class="helptext" id="{{ form.name.auto_id }}_helptext">
      {{ form.name.help_text|safe }}
    </div>
  {% endif %}
  {{ form.name.errors }}
  {{ form.name }}
  <div class="row">
    <div class="col">
      {{ form.email.label_tag }}
      {% if form.email.help_text %}
        <div class="helptext" id="{{ form.email.auto_id }}_helptext">
          {{ form.email.help_text|safe }}
        </div>
      {% endif %}
      {{ form.email.errors }}
      {{ form.email }}
    </div>
    <div class="col">
      {{ form.password.label_tag }}
      {% if form.password.help_text %}
        <div class="helptext" id="{{ form.password.auto_id }}_helptext">
          {{ form.password.help_text|safe }}
        </div>
      {% endif %}
      {{ form.password.errors }}
      {{ form.password }}
    </div>
  </div>
</div>
...
</form>

Can now be simplified to:

<form>
...
<div>
  {{ form.name.as_field_group }}
  <div class="row">
    <div class="col">{{ form.email.as_field_group }}</div>
    <div class="col">{{ form.password.as_field_group }}</div>
  </div>
</div>
...
</form>

as_field_group() renders fields with the "django/forms/field.html" template by default and can be customized on a per-project, per-field, or per-request basis. See Reusable field group templates.

Database-computed default values

The new Field.db_default parameter sets a database-computed default value. For example:

from django.db import models
from django.db.models.functions import Now, Pi


class MyModel(models.Model):
    age = models.IntegerField(db_default=18)
    created = models.DateTimeField(db_default=Now())
    circumference = models.FloatField(db_default=2 * Pi())

Database generated model field

The new GeneratedField allows creation of database generated columns. This field can be used on all supported database backends to create a field that is always computed from other fields. For example:

from django.db import models
from django.db.models import F


class Square(models.Model):
    side = models.IntegerField()
    area = models.GeneratedField(
        expression=F("side") * F("side"),
        output_field=models.BigIntegerField(),
        db_persist=True,
    )

More options for declaring field choices

Field.choices (for model fields) and ChoiceField.choices (for form fields) allow for more flexibility when declaring their values. In previous versions of Django, choices should either be a list of 2-tuples, or an Enumeration types subclass, but the latter required accessing the .choices attribute to provide the values in the expected form:

from django.db import models

Medal = models.TextChoices("Medal", "GOLD SILVER BRONZE")

SPORT_CHOICES = [
    ("Martial Arts", [("judo", "Judo"), ("karate", "Karate")]),
    ("Racket", [("badminton", "Badminton"), ("tennis", "Tennis")]),
    ("unknown", "Unknown"),
]


class Winner(models.Model):
    name = models.CharField(...)
    medal = models.CharField(..., choices=Medal.choices)
    sport = models.CharField(..., choices=SPORT_CHOICES)

Django 5.0 adds support for accepting a mapping or a callable instead of an iterable, and also no longer requires .choices to be used directly to expand enumeration types:

from django.db import models

Medal = models.TextChoices("Medal", "GOLD SILVER BRONZE")

SPORT_CHOICES = {  # Using a mapping instead of a list of 2-tuples.
    "Martial Arts": {"judo": "Judo", "karate": "Karate"},
    "Racket": {"badminton": "Badminton", "tennis": "Tennis"},
    "unknown": "Unknown",
}


def get_scores():
    return [(i, str(i)) for i in range(10)]


class Winner(models.Model):
    name = models.CharField(...)
    medal = models.CharField(..., choices=Medal)  # Using `.choices` not required.
    sport = models.CharField(..., choices=SPORT_CHOICES)
    score = models.IntegerField(choices=get_scores)  # A callable is allowed.

Under the hood the provided choices are normalized into a list of 2-tuples as the canonical form whenever the choices value is updated. For more information, please check the model field reference on choices.

Minor features

django.contrib.admin

  • The new AdminSite.get_log_entries() method allows customizing the queryset for the site’s listed log entries.
  • The django.contrib.admin.AllValuesFieldListFilter, ChoicesFieldListFilter, RelatedFieldListFilter, and RelatedOnlyFieldListFilter admin filters now handle multi-valued query parameters.
  • XRegExp is upgraded from version 3.2.0 to 5.1.1.
  • The new AdminSite.get_model_admin() method returns an admin class for the given model class.
  • Properties in ModelAdmin.list_display now support boolean attribute.
  • jQuery is upgraded from version 3.6.4 to 3.7.1.

django.contrib.auth

django.contrib.contenttypes

django.contrib.gis

  • The new ClosestPoint() function returns a 2-dimensional point on the geometry that is closest to another geometry.
  • GIS aggregates now support the filter argument.
  • Support for GDAL 3.7 and GEOS 3.12 is added.
  • The new GEOSGeometry.equals_identical() method allows point-wise equivalence checking of geometries.

django.contrib.messages

django.contrib.postgres

Asynchronous views

  • Under ASGI, http.disconnect events are now handled. This allows views to perform any necessary cleanup if a client disconnects before the response is generated. See Handling disconnects for more details.

Error Reporting

File Storage

  • File.open() now passes all positional (*args) and keyword arguments (**kwargs) to Python’s built-in open().

Forms

  • The new assume_scheme argument for URLField allows specifying a default URL scheme.
  • In order to improve accessibility, the following changes are made:
    • Form fields now include the aria-describedby HTML attribute to enable screen readers to associate form fields with their help text.
    • Invalid form fields now include the aria-invalid="true" HTML attribute.

Internationalization

  • Support and translations for the Uyghur language are now available.

Migrations

Models

Pagination

Signals

  • The new Signal.asend() and Signal.asend_robust() methods allow asynchronous signal dispatch. Signal receivers may be synchronous or asynchronous, and will be automatically adapted to the correct calling style.

Templates

  • The new escapeseq template filter applies escape to each element of a sequence.

Tests

Validators

  • The new offset argument of StepValueValidator allows specifying an offset for valid values.

Backwards incompatible changes in 5.0

Database backend API

This section describes changes that may be needed in third-party database backends.

  • DatabaseFeatures.supports_expression_defaults should be set to False if the database doesn’t support using database functions as defaults.
  • DatabaseFeatures.supports_default_keyword_in_insert should be set to False if the database doesn’t support the DEFAULT keyword in INSERT queries.
  • DatabaseFeatures.supports_default_keyword_in_bulk_insert should be set to False if the database doesn’t support the DEFAULT keyword in bulk INSERT queries.

django.contrib.gis

  • Support for GDAL 2.2 and 2.3 is removed.
  • Support for GEOS 3.6 and 3.7 is removed.

django.contrib.sitemaps

  • The django.contrib.sitemaps.ping_google() function and the ping_google management command are removed as the Google Sitemaps ping endpoint is deprecated and will be removed in January 2024.
  • The django.contrib.sitemaps.SitemapNotFound exception class is removed.

Dropped support for MySQL < 8.0.11

Support for pre-releases of MySQL 8.0.x series is removed. Django 5.0 supports MySQL 8.0.11 and higher.

Using create_defaults__exact may now be required with QuerySet.update_or_create()

QuerySet.update_or_create() now supports the parameter create_defaults. As a consequence, any models that have a field named create_defaults that are used with an update_or_create() should specify the field in the lookup with create_defaults__exact.

Migrating existing UUIDField on MariaDB 10.7+

On MariaDB 10.7+, UUIDField is now created as UUID column rather than CHAR(32) column. As a consequence, any UUIDField created in Django < 5.0 should be replaced with a UUIDField subclass backed by CHAR(32):

class Char32UUIDField(models.UUIDField):
    def db_type(self, connection):
        return "char(32)"

    def get_db_prep_value(self, value, connection, prepared=False):
        value = super().get_db_prep_value(value, connection, prepared)
        if value is not None:
            value = value.hex
        return value

For example:

class MyModel(models.Model):
    uuid = models.UUIDField(primary_key=True, default=uuid.uuid4)

Should become:

class Char32UUIDField(models.UUIDField): ...


class MyModel(models.Model):
    uuid = Char32UUIDField(primary_key=True, default=uuid.uuid4)

Running the makemigrations command will generate a migration containing a no-op AlterField operation.

Miscellaneous

  • The instance argument of the undocumented BaseModelFormSet.save_existing() method is renamed to obj.
  • The undocumented django.contrib.admin.helpers.checkbox is removed.
  • Integer fields are now validated as 64-bit integers on SQLite to match the behavior of sqlite3.
  • The undocumented Query.annotation_select_mask attribute is changed from a set of strings to an ordered list of strings.
  • ImageField.update_dimension_fields() is no longer called on the post_init signal if width_field and height_field are not set.
  • Now database function now uses LOCALTIMESTAMP instead of CURRENT_TIMESTAMP on Oracle.
  • AdminSite.site_header is now rendered in a <div> tag instead of <h1>. Screen reader users rely on heading elements for navigation within a page. Having two <h1> elements was confusing and the site header wasn’t helpful as it is repeated on all pages.
  • In order to improve accessibility, the admin’s main content area and header content area are now rendered in a <main> and <header> tag instead of <div>.
  • On databases without native support for the SQL XOR operator, ^ as the exclusive or (XOR) operator now returns rows that are matched by an odd number of operands rather than exactly one operand. This is consistent with the behavior of MySQL, MariaDB, and Python.
  • The minimum supported version of asgiref is increased from 3.6.0 to 3.7.0.
  • The minimum supported version of selenium is increased from 3.8.0 to 4.8.0.
  • The AlreadyRegistered and NotRegistered exceptions are moved from django.contrib.admin.sites to django.contrib.admin.exceptions.
  • The minimum supported version of SQLite is increased from 3.21.0 to 3.27.0.
  • Support for cx_Oracle < 8.3 is removed.
  • Executing SQL queries before the app registry has been fully populated now raises RuntimeWarning.
  • BadRequest is raised for non-UTF-8 encoded requests with the application/x-www-form-urlencoded content type. See RFC 1866 for more details.
  • The minimum supported version of colorama is increased to 0.4.6.
  • The minimum supported version of docutils is increased to 0.19.
  • Filtering querysets against overflowing integer values now always returns an empty queryset. As a consequence, you may need to use ExpressionWrapper() to explicitly wrap arithmetic against integer fields in such cases.

Features deprecated in 5.0

Miscellaneous

  • The DjangoDivFormRenderer and Jinja2DivFormRenderer transitional form renderers are deprecated.
  • Passing positional arguments name and violation_error_message to BaseConstraint is deprecated in favor of keyword-only arguments.
  • request is added to the signature of ModelAdmin.lookup_allowed(). Support for ModelAdmin subclasses that do not accept this argument is deprecated.
  • The get_joining_columns() method of ForeignObject and ForeignObjectRel is deprecated. Starting with Django 6.0, django.db.models.sql.datastructures.Join will no longer fallback to get_joining_columns(). Subclasses should implement get_joining_fields() instead.
  • The ForeignObject.get_reverse_joining_columns() method is deprecated.
  • The default scheme for forms.URLField will change from "http" to "https" in Django 6.0. Set FORMS_URLFIELD_ASSUME_HTTPS transitional setting to True to opt into assuming "https" during the Django 5.x release cycle.
  • FORMS_URLFIELD_ASSUME_HTTPS transitional setting is deprecated.
  • Support for calling format_html() without passing args or kwargs will be removed.
  • Support for cx_Oracle is deprecated in favor of oracledb 1.3.2+ Python driver.
  • DatabaseOperations.field_cast_sql() is deprecated in favor of DatabaseOperations.lookup_cast(). Starting with Django 6.0, BuiltinLookup.process_lhs() will no longer call field_cast_sql(). Third-party database backends should implement lookup_cast() instead.
  • The django.db.models.enums.ChoicesMeta metaclass is renamed to ChoicesType.
  • The Prefetch.get_current_queryset() method is deprecated.
  • The get_prefetch_queryset() method of related managers and descriptors is deprecated. Starting with Django 6.0, get_prefetcher() and prefetch_related_objects() will no longer fallback to get_prefetch_queryset(). Subclasses should implement get_prefetch_querysets() instead.

Features removed in 5.0

These features have reached the end of their deprecation cycle and are removed in Django 5.0.

See Features deprecated in 4.0 for details on these changes, including how to remove usage of these features.

  • The SERIALIZE test setting is removed.
  • The undocumented django.utils.baseconv module is removed.
  • The undocumented django.utils.datetime_safe module is removed.
  • The default value of the USE_TZ setting is changed from False to True.
  • The default sitemap protocol for sitemaps built outside the context of a request is changed from 'http' to 'https'.
  • The extra_tests argument for DiscoverRunner.build_suite() and DiscoverRunner.run_tests() is removed.
  • The django.contrib.postgres.aggregates.ArrayAgg, JSONBAgg, and StringAgg aggregates no longer return [], [], and '', respectively, when there are no rows.
  • The USE_L10N setting is removed.
  • The USE_DEPRECATED_PYTZ transitional setting is removed.
  • Support for pytz timezones is removed.
  • The is_dst argument is removed from:
    • QuerySet.datetimes()
    • django.utils.timezone.make_aware()
    • django.db.models.functions.Trunc()
    • django.db.models.functions.TruncSecond()
    • django.db.models.functions.TruncMinute()
    • django.db.models.functions.TruncHour()
    • django.db.models.functions.TruncDay()
    • django.db.models.functions.TruncWeek()
    • django.db.models.functions.TruncMonth()
    • django.db.models.functions.TruncQuarter()
    • django.db.models.functions.TruncYear()
  • The django.contrib.gis.admin.GeoModelAdmin and OSMGeoAdmin classes are removed.
  • The undocumented BaseForm._html_output() method is removed.
  • The ability to return a str, rather than a SafeString, when rendering an ErrorDict and ErrorList is removed.

See Features deprecated in 4.1 for details on these changes, including how to remove usage of these features.

  • The SitemapIndexItem.__str__() method is removed.
  • The CSRF_COOKIE_MASKED transitional setting is removed.
  • The name argument of django.utils.functional.cached_property() is removed.
  • The opclasses argument of django.contrib.postgres.constraints.ExclusionConstraint is removed.
  • The undocumented ability to pass errors=None to SimpleTestCase.assertFormError() and assertFormsetError() is removed.
  • django.contrib.sessions.serializers.PickleSerializer is removed.
  • The usage of QuerySet.iterator() on a queryset that prefetches related objects without providing the chunk_size argument is no longer allowed.
  • Passing unsaved model instances to related filters is no longer allowed.
  • created=True is required in the signature of RemoteUserBackend.configure_user() subclasses.
  • Support for logging out via GET requests in the django.contrib.auth.views.LogoutView and django.contrib.auth.views.logout_then_login() is removed.
  • The django.utils.timezone.utc alias to datetime.timezone.utc is removed.
  • Passing a response object and a form/formset name to SimpleTestCase.assertFormError() and assertFormSetError() is no longer allowed.
  • The django.contrib.gis.admin.OpenLayersWidget is removed.
  • The django.contrib.auth.hashers.CryptPasswordHasher is removed.
  • The "django/forms/default.html" and "django/forms/formsets/default.html" templates are removed.
  • The default form and formset rendering style is changed to the div-based.
  • Passing nulls_first=False or nulls_last=False to Expression.asc() and Expression.desc() methods, and the OrderBy expression is no longer allowed.
Back to Top