Source code for django.template.utils

import functools
import os
from collections import Counter, OrderedDict

from django.apps import apps
from django.conf import settings
from django.core.exceptions import ImproperlyConfigured
from django.utils.functional import cached_property
from django.utils.module_loading import import_string

class InvalidTemplateEngineError(ImproperlyConfigured):

class EngineHandler:
    def __init__(self, templates=None):
        templates is an optional list of template engine definitions
        (structured like settings.TEMPLATES).
        self._templates = templates
        self._engines = {}

    def templates(self):
        if self._templates is None:
            self._templates = settings.TEMPLATES

        templates = OrderedDict()
        backend_names = []
        for tpl in self._templates:
            tpl = tpl.copy()
                # This will raise an exception if 'BACKEND' doesn't exist or
                # isn't a string containing at least one dot.
                default_name = tpl['BACKEND'].rsplit('.', 2)[-2]
            except Exception:
                invalid_backend = tpl.get('BACKEND', '<not defined>')
                raise ImproperlyConfigured(
                    "Invalid BACKEND for a template engine: {}. Check "
                    "your TEMPLATES setting.".format(invalid_backend))

            tpl.setdefault('NAME', default_name)
            tpl.setdefault('DIRS', [])
            tpl.setdefault('APP_DIRS', False)
            tpl.setdefault('OPTIONS', {})

            templates[tpl['NAME']] = tpl

        counts = Counter(backend_names)
        duplicates = [alias for alias, count in counts.most_common() if count > 1]
        if duplicates:
            raise ImproperlyConfigured(
                "Template engine aliases aren't unique, duplicates: {}. "
                "Set a unique NAME for each engine in settings.TEMPLATES."
                .format(", ".join(duplicates)))

        return templates

    def __getitem__(self, alias):
            return self._engines[alias]
        except KeyError:
                params = self.templates[alias]
            except KeyError:
                raise InvalidTemplateEngineError(
                    "Could not find config for '{}' "
                    "in settings.TEMPLATES".format(alias))

            # If importing or initializing the backend raises an exception,
            # self._engines[alias] isn't set and this code may get executed
            # again, so we must preserve the original params. See #24265.
            params = params.copy()
            backend = params.pop('BACKEND')
            engine_cls = import_string(backend)
            engine = engine_cls(params)

            self._engines[alias] = engine
            return engine

    def __iter__(self):
        return iter(self.templates)

    def all(self):
        return [self[alias] for alias in self]

def get_app_template_dirs(dirname):
    Return an iterable of paths of directories to load app templates from.

    dirname is the name of the subdirectory containing templates inside
    installed applications.
    template_dirs = []
    for app_config in apps.get_app_configs():
        if not app_config.path:
        template_dir = os.path.join(app_config.path, dirname)
        if os.path.isdir(template_dir):
    # Immutable return value because it will be cached and shared by callers.
    return tuple(template_dirs)
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