• Language: en

Source code for django.utils.feedgenerator

"""
Syndication feed generation library -- used for generating RSS, etc.

Sample usage:

>>> from django.utils import feedgenerator
>>> feed = feedgenerator.Rss201rev2Feed(
...     title="Poynter E-Media Tidbits",
...     link="http://www.poynter.org/column.asp?id=31",
...     description="A group Weblog by the sharpest minds in online media/journalism/publishing.",
...     language="en",
... )
>>> feed.add_item(
...     title="Hello",
...     link="http://www.holovaty.com/test/",
...     description="Testing."
... )
>>> with open('test.rss', 'w') as fp:
...     feed.write(fp, 'utf-8')

For definitions of the different versions of RSS, see:
http://web.archive.org/web/20110718035220/http://diveintomark.org/archives/2004/02/04/incompatible-rss
"""
import datetime
from io import StringIO
from urllib.parse import urlparse

from django.utils import datetime_safe
from django.utils.encoding import force_text, iri_to_uri
from django.utils.timezone import utc
from django.utils.xmlutils import SimplerXMLGenerator


def rfc2822_date(date):
    # We can't use strftime() because it produces locale-dependent results, so
    # we have to map english month and day names manually
    months = ('Jan', 'Feb', 'Mar', 'Apr', 'May', 'Jun', 'Jul', 'Aug', 'Sep', 'Oct', 'Nov', 'Dec',)
    days = ('Mon', 'Tue', 'Wed', 'Thu', 'Fri', 'Sat', 'Sun')
    # Support datetime objects older than 1900
    date = datetime_safe.new_datetime(date)
    # We do this ourselves to be timezone aware, email.Utils is not tz aware.
    dow = days[date.weekday()]
    month = months[date.month - 1]
    time_str = date.strftime('%s, %%d %s %%Y %%H:%%M:%%S ' % (dow, month))
    offset = date.utcoffset()
    # Historically, this function assumes that naive datetimes are in UTC.
    if offset is None:
        return time_str + '-0000'
    else:
        timezone = (offset.days * 24 * 60) + (offset.seconds // 60)
        hour, minute = divmod(timezone, 60)
        return time_str + '%+03d%02d' % (hour, minute)


def rfc3339_date(date):
    # Support datetime objects older than 1900
    date = datetime_safe.new_datetime(date)
    time_str = date.strftime('%Y-%m-%dT%H:%M:%S')
    offset = date.utcoffset()
    # Historically, this function assumes that naive datetimes are in UTC.
    if offset is None:
        return time_str + 'Z'
    else:
        timezone = (offset.days * 24 * 60) + (offset.seconds // 60)
        hour, minute = divmod(timezone, 60)
        return time_str + '%+03d:%02d' % (hour, minute)


[docs]def get_tag_uri(url, date): """ Create a TagURI. See http://web.archive.org/web/20110514113830/http://diveintomark.org/archives/2004/05/28/howto-atom-id """ bits = urlparse(url) d = '' if date is not None: d = ',%s' % datetime_safe.new_datetime(date).strftime('%Y-%m-%d') return 'tag:%s%s:%s/%s' % (bits.hostname, d, bits.path, bits.fragment)
[docs]class SyndicationFeed: "Base class for all syndication feeds. Subclasses should provide write()"
[docs] def __init__(self, title, link, description, language=None, author_email=None, author_name=None, author_link=None, subtitle=None, categories=None, feed_url=None, feed_copyright=None, feed_guid=None, ttl=None, **kwargs): def to_str(s): return force_text(s, strings_only=True) if categories: categories = [force_text(c) for c in categories] if ttl is not None: # Force ints to str ttl = force_text(ttl) self.feed = { 'title': to_str(title), 'link': iri_to_uri(link), 'description': to_str(description), 'language': to_str(language), 'author_email': to_str(author_email), 'author_name': to_str(author_name), 'author_link': iri_to_uri(author_link), 'subtitle': to_str(subtitle), 'categories': categories or (), 'feed_url': iri_to_uri(feed_url), 'feed_copyright': to_str(feed_copyright), 'id': feed_guid or link, 'ttl': ttl, } self.feed.update(kwargs) self.items = []
[docs] def add_item(self, title, link, description, author_email=None, author_name=None, author_link=None, pubdate=None, comments=None, unique_id=None, unique_id_is_permalink=None, categories=(), item_copyright=None, ttl=None, updateddate=None, enclosures=None, **kwargs): """ Add an item to the feed. All args are expected to be strings except pubdate and updateddate, which are datetime.datetime objects, and enclosures, which is an iterable of instances of the Enclosure class. """ def to_str(s): return force_text(s, strings_only=True) if categories: categories = [to_str(c) for c in categories] if ttl is not None: # Force ints to str ttl = force_text(ttl) item = { 'title': to_str(title), 'link': iri_to_uri(link), 'description': to_str(description), 'author_email': to_str(author_email), 'author_name': to_str(author_name), 'author_link': iri_to_uri(author_link), 'pubdate': pubdate, 'updateddate': updateddate, 'comments': to_str(comments), 'unique_id': to_str(unique_id), 'unique_id_is_permalink': unique_id_is_permalink, 'enclosures': enclosures or (), 'categories': categories or (), 'item_copyright': to_str(item_copyright), 'ttl': ttl, } item.update(kwargs) self.items.append(item)
[docs] def num_items(self): return len(self.items)
[docs] def root_attributes(self): """ Return extra attributes to place on the root (i.e. feed/channel) element. Called from write(). """ return {}
[docs] def add_root_elements(self, handler): """ Add elements in the root (i.e. feed/channel) element. Called from write(). """ pass
[docs] def item_attributes(self, item): """ Return extra attributes to place on each item (i.e. item/entry) element. """ return {}
[docs] def add_item_elements(self, handler, item): """ Add elements on each item (i.e. item/entry) element. """ pass
[docs] def write(self, outfile, encoding): """ Output the feed in the given encoding to outfile, which is a file-like object. Subclasses should override this. """ raise NotImplementedError('subclasses of SyndicationFeed must provide a write() method')
[docs] def writeString(self, encoding): """ Return the feed in the given encoding as a string. """ s = StringIO() self.write(s, encoding) return s.getvalue()
[docs] def latest_post_date(self): """ Return the latest item's pubdate or updateddate. If no items have either of these attributes this return the current UTC date/time. """ latest_date = None date_keys = ('updateddate', 'pubdate') for item in self.items: for date_key in date_keys: item_date = item.get(date_key) if item_date: if latest_date is None or item_date > latest_date: latest_date = item_date # datetime.now(tz=utc) is slower, as documented in django.utils.timezone.now return latest_date or datetime.datetime.utcnow().replace(tzinfo=utc)
[docs]class Enclosure: """An RSS enclosure""" def __init__(self, url, length, mime_type): "All args are expected to be strings" self.length, self.mime_type = length, mime_type self.url = iri_to_uri(url)
[docs]class RssFeed(SyndicationFeed): content_type = 'application/rss+xml; charset=utf-8' def write(self, outfile, encoding): handler = SimplerXMLGenerator(outfile, encoding) handler.startDocument() handler.startElement("rss", self.rss_attributes()) handler.startElement("channel", self.root_attributes()) self.add_root_elements(handler) self.write_items(handler) self.endChannelElement(handler) handler.endElement("rss") def rss_attributes(self): return {"version": self._version, "xmlns:atom": "http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom"} def write_items(self, handler): for item in self.items: handler.startElement('item', self.item_attributes(item)) self.add_item_elements(handler, item) handler.endElement("item") def add_root_elements(self, handler): handler.addQuickElement("title", self.feed['title']) handler.addQuickElement("link", self.feed['link']) handler.addQuickElement("description", self.feed['description']) if self.feed['feed_url'] is not None: handler.addQuickElement("atom:link", None, {"rel": "self", "href": self.feed['feed_url']}) if self.feed['language'] is not None: handler.addQuickElement("language", self.feed['language']) for cat in self.feed['categories']: handler.addQuickElement("category", cat) if self.feed['feed_copyright'] is not None: handler.addQuickElement("copyright", self.feed['feed_copyright']) handler.addQuickElement("lastBuildDate", rfc2822_date(self.latest_post_date())) if self.feed['ttl'] is not None: handler.addQuickElement("ttl", self.feed['ttl']) def endChannelElement(self, handler): handler.endElement("channel")
[docs]class RssUserland091Feed(RssFeed): _version = "0.91" def add_item_elements(self, handler, item): handler.addQuickElement("title", item['title']) handler.addQuickElement("link", item['link']) if item['description'] is not None: handler.addQuickElement("description", item['description'])
[docs]class Rss201rev2Feed(RssFeed): # Spec: http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss _version = "2.0" def add_item_elements(self, handler, item): handler.addQuickElement("title", item['title']) handler.addQuickElement("link", item['link']) if item['description'] is not None: handler.addQuickElement("description", item['description']) # Author information. if item["author_name"] and item["author_email"]: handler.addQuickElement("author", "%s (%s)" % (item['author_email'], item['author_name'])) elif item["author_email"]: handler.addQuickElement("author", item["author_email"]) elif item["author_name"]: handler.addQuickElement( "dc:creator", item["author_name"], {"xmlns:dc": "http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/"} ) if item['pubdate'] is not None: handler.addQuickElement("pubDate", rfc2822_date(item['pubdate'])) if item['comments'] is not None: handler.addQuickElement("comments", item['comments']) if item['unique_id'] is not None: guid_attrs = {} if isinstance(item.get('unique_id_is_permalink'), bool): guid_attrs['isPermaLink'] = str(item['unique_id_is_permalink']).lower() handler.addQuickElement("guid", item['unique_id'], guid_attrs) if item['ttl'] is not None: handler.addQuickElement("ttl", item['ttl']) # Enclosure. if item['enclosures']: enclosures = list(item['enclosures']) if len(enclosures) > 1: raise ValueError( "RSS feed items may only have one enclosure, see " "http://www.rssboard.org/rss-profile#element-channel-item-enclosure" ) enclosure = enclosures[0] handler.addQuickElement('enclosure', '', { 'url': enclosure.url, 'length': enclosure.length, 'type': enclosure.mime_type, }) # Categories. for cat in item['categories']: handler.addQuickElement("category", cat)
[docs]class Atom1Feed(SyndicationFeed): # Spec: https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc4287 content_type = 'application/atom+xml; charset=utf-8' ns = "http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom" def write(self, outfile, encoding): handler = SimplerXMLGenerator(outfile, encoding) handler.startDocument() handler.startElement('feed', self.root_attributes()) self.add_root_elements(handler) self.write_items(handler) handler.endElement("feed") def root_attributes(self): if self.feed['language'] is not None: return {"xmlns": self.ns, "xml:lang": self.feed['language']} else: return {"xmlns": self.ns} def add_root_elements(self, handler): handler.addQuickElement("title", self.feed['title']) handler.addQuickElement("link", "", {"rel": "alternate", "href": self.feed['link']}) if self.feed['feed_url'] is not None: handler.addQuickElement("link", "", {"rel": "self", "href": self.feed['feed_url']}) handler.addQuickElement("id", self.feed['id']) handler.addQuickElement("updated", rfc3339_date(self.latest_post_date())) if self.feed['author_name'] is not None: handler.startElement("author", {}) handler.addQuickElement("name", self.feed['author_name']) if self.feed['author_email'] is not None: handler.addQuickElement("email", self.feed['author_email']) if self.feed['author_link'] is not None: handler.addQuickElement("uri", self.feed['author_link']) handler.endElement("author") if self.feed['subtitle'] is not None: handler.addQuickElement("subtitle", self.feed['subtitle']) for cat in self.feed['categories']: handler.addQuickElement("category", "", {"term": cat}) if self.feed['feed_copyright'] is not None: handler.addQuickElement("rights", self.feed['feed_copyright']) def write_items(self, handler): for item in self.items: handler.startElement("entry", self.item_attributes(item)) self.add_item_elements(handler, item) handler.endElement("entry") def add_item_elements(self, handler, item): handler.addQuickElement("title", item['title']) handler.addQuickElement("link", "", {"href": item['link'], "rel": "alternate"}) if item['pubdate'] is not None: handler.addQuickElement('published', rfc3339_date(item['pubdate'])) if item['updateddate'] is not None: handler.addQuickElement('updated', rfc3339_date(item['updateddate'])) # Author information. if item['author_name'] is not None: handler.startElement("author", {}) handler.addQuickElement("name", item['author_name']) if item['author_email'] is not None: handler.addQuickElement("email", item['author_email']) if item['author_link'] is not None: handler.addQuickElement("uri", item['author_link']) handler.endElement("author") # Unique ID. if item['unique_id'] is not None: unique_id = item['unique_id'] else: unique_id = get_tag_uri(item['link'], item['pubdate']) handler.addQuickElement("id", unique_id) # Summary. if item['description'] is not None: handler.addQuickElement("summary", item['description'], {"type": "html"}) # Enclosures. for enclosure in item['enclosures']: handler.addQuickElement('link', '', { 'rel': 'enclosure', 'href': enclosure.url, 'length': enclosure.length, 'type': enclosure.mime_type, }) # Categories. for cat in item['categories']: handler.addQuickElement("category", "", {"term": cat}) # Rights. if item['item_copyright'] is not None: handler.addQuickElement("rights", item['item_copyright'])
# This isolates the decision of what the system default is, so calling code can # do "feedgenerator.DefaultFeed" instead of "feedgenerator.Rss201rev2Feed". DefaultFeed = Rss201rev2Feed
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