• Language: en

Source code for django.template.engine

import functools

from django.core.exceptions import ImproperlyConfigured
from django.utils.functional import cached_property
from django.utils.module_loading import import_string

from .base import Context, Template
from .context import _builtin_context_processors
from .exceptions import TemplateDoesNotExist
from .library import import_library


[docs]class Engine: default_builtins = [ 'django.template.defaulttags', 'django.template.defaultfilters', 'django.template.loader_tags', ] def __init__(self, dirs=None, app_dirs=False, context_processors=None, debug=False, loaders=None, string_if_invalid='', file_charset='utf-8', libraries=None, builtins=None, autoescape=True): if dirs is None: dirs = [] if context_processors is None: context_processors = [] if loaders is None: loaders = ['django.template.loaders.filesystem.Loader'] if app_dirs: loaders += ['django.template.loaders.app_directories.Loader'] if not debug: loaders = [('django.template.loaders.cached.Loader', loaders)] else: if app_dirs: raise ImproperlyConfigured( "app_dirs must not be set when loaders is defined.") if libraries is None: libraries = {} if builtins is None: builtins = [] self.dirs = dirs self.app_dirs = app_dirs self.autoescape = autoescape self.context_processors = context_processors self.debug = debug self.loaders = loaders self.string_if_invalid = string_if_invalid self.file_charset = file_charset self.libraries = libraries self.template_libraries = self.get_template_libraries(libraries) self.builtins = self.default_builtins + builtins self.template_builtins = self.get_template_builtins(self.builtins) @staticmethod @functools.lru_cache()
[docs] def get_default(): """ Return the first DjangoTemplates backend that's configured, or raise ImproperlyConfigured if none are configured. This is required for preserving historical APIs that rely on a globally available, implicitly configured engine such as: >>> from django.template import Context, Template >>> template = Template("Hello {{ name }}!") >>> context = Context({'name': "world"}) >>> template.render(context) 'Hello world!' """ # Since Engine is imported in django.template and since # DjangoTemplates is a wrapper around this Engine class, # local imports are required to avoid import loops. from django.template import engines from django.template.backends.django import DjangoTemplates for engine in engines.all(): if isinstance(engine, DjangoTemplates): return engine.engine raise ImproperlyConfigured('No DjangoTemplates backend is configured.')
@cached_property def template_context_processors(self): context_processors = _builtin_context_processors context_processors += tuple(self.context_processors) return tuple(import_string(path) for path in context_processors) def get_template_builtins(self, builtins): return [import_library(x) for x in builtins] def get_template_libraries(self, libraries): loaded = {} for name, path in libraries.items(): loaded[name] = import_library(path) return loaded @cached_property def template_loaders(self): return self.get_template_loaders(self.loaders) def get_template_loaders(self, template_loaders): loaders = [] for template_loader in template_loaders: loader = self.find_template_loader(template_loader) if loader is not None: loaders.append(loader) return loaders def find_template_loader(self, loader): if isinstance(loader, (tuple, list)): args = list(loader[1:]) loader = loader[0] else: args = [] if isinstance(loader, str): loader_class = import_string(loader) return loader_class(self, *args) else: raise ImproperlyConfigured( "Invalid value in template loaders configuration: %r" % loader) def find_template(self, name, dirs=None, skip=None): tried = [] for loader in self.template_loaders: try: template = loader.get_template(name, skip=skip) return template, template.origin except TemplateDoesNotExist as e: tried.extend(e.tried) raise TemplateDoesNotExist(name, tried=tried)
[docs] def from_string(self, template_code): """ Return a compiled Template object for the given template code, handling template inheritance recursively. """ return Template(template_code, engine=self)
[docs] def get_template(self, template_name): """ Return a compiled Template object for the given template name, handling template inheritance recursively. """ template, origin = self.find_template(template_name) if not hasattr(template, 'render'): # template needs to be compiled template = Template(template, origin, template_name, engine=self) return template
def render_to_string(self, template_name, context=None): """ Render the template specified by template_name with the given context. For use in Django's test suite. """ if isinstance(template_name, (list, tuple)): t = self.select_template(template_name) else: t = self.get_template(template_name) # Django < 1.8 accepted a Context in `context` even though that's # unintended. Preserve this ability but don't rewrap `context`. if isinstance(context, Context): return t.render(context) else: return t.render(Context(context))
[docs] def select_template(self, template_name_list): """ Given a list of template names, return the first that can be loaded. """ if not template_name_list: raise TemplateDoesNotExist("No template names provided") not_found = [] for template_name in template_name_list: try: return self.get_template(template_name) except TemplateDoesNotExist as exc: if exc.args[0] not in not_found: not_found.append(exc.args[0]) continue # If we get here, none of the templates could be loaded raise TemplateDoesNotExist(', '.join(not_found))
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