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Source code for django.utils.feedgenerator

"""
Syndication feed generation library -- used for generating RSS, etc.

Sample usage:

>>> from django.utils import feedgenerator
>>> feed = feedgenerator.Rss201rev2Feed(
...     title="Poynter E-Media Tidbits",
...     link="http://www.poynter.org/column.asp?id=31",
...     description="A group Weblog by the sharpest minds in online media/journalism/publishing.",
...     language="en",
... )
>>> feed.add_item(
...     title="Hello",
...     link="http://www.holovaty.com/test/",
...     description="Testing."
... )
>>> with open('test.rss', 'w') as fp:
...     feed.write(fp, 'utf-8')

For definitions of the different versions of RSS, see:
http://web.archive.org/web/20110718035220/http://diveintomark.org/archives/2004/02/04/incompatible-rss
"""
from __future__ import unicode_literals

import datetime
from django.utils.xmlutils import SimplerXMLGenerator
from django.utils.encoding import force_text, iri_to_uri
from django.utils import datetime_safe
from django.utils import six
from django.utils.six import StringIO
from django.utils.six.moves.urllib.parse import urlparse
from django.utils.timezone import is_aware


def rfc2822_date(date):
    # We can't use strftime() because it produces locale-dependent results, so
    # we have to map english month and day names manually
    months = ('Jan', 'Feb', 'Mar', 'Apr', 'May', 'Jun', 'Jul', 'Aug', 'Sep', 'Oct', 'Nov', 'Dec',)
    days = ('Mon', 'Tue', 'Wed', 'Thu', 'Fri', 'Sat', 'Sun')
    # Support datetime objects older than 1900
    date = datetime_safe.new_datetime(date)
    # We do this ourselves to be timezone aware, email.Utils is not tz aware.
    dow = days[date.weekday()]
    month = months[date.month - 1]
    time_str = date.strftime('%s, %%d %s %%Y %%H:%%M:%%S ' % (dow, month))
    if six.PY2:             # strftime returns a byte string in Python 2
        time_str = time_str.decode('utf-8')
    if is_aware(date):
        offset = date.tzinfo.utcoffset(date)
        timezone = (offset.days * 24 * 60) + (offset.seconds // 60)
        hour, minute = divmod(timezone, 60)
        return time_str + '%+03d%02d' % (hour, minute)
    else:
        return time_str + '-0000'


def rfc3339_date(date):
    # Support datetime objects older than 1900
    date = datetime_safe.new_datetime(date)
    time_str = date.strftime('%Y-%m-%dT%H:%M:%S')
    if six.PY2:             # strftime returns a byte string in Python 2
        time_str = time_str.decode('utf-8')
    if is_aware(date):
        offset = date.tzinfo.utcoffset(date)
        timezone = (offset.days * 24 * 60) + (offset.seconds // 60)
        hour, minute = divmod(timezone, 60)
        return time_str + '%+03d:%02d' % (hour, minute)
    else:
        return time_str + 'Z'


[docs]def get_tag_uri(url, date): """ Creates a TagURI. See http://web.archive.org/web/20110514113830/http://diveintomark.org/archives/2004/05/28/howto-atom-id """ bits = urlparse(url) d = '' if date is not None: d = ',%s' % datetime_safe.new_datetime(date).strftime('%Y-%m-%d') return 'tag:%s%s:%s/%s' % (bits.hostname, d, bits.path, bits.fragment)
[docs]class SyndicationFeed(object): "Base class for all syndication feeds. Subclasses should provide write()"
[docs] def __init__(self, title, link, description, language=None, author_email=None, author_name=None, author_link=None, subtitle=None, categories=None, feed_url=None, feed_copyright=None, feed_guid=None, ttl=None, **kwargs): to_unicode = lambda s: force_text(s, strings_only=True) if categories: categories = [force_text(c) for c in categories] if ttl is not None: # Force ints to unicode ttl = force_text(ttl) self.feed = { 'title': to_unicode(title), 'link': iri_to_uri(link), 'description': to_unicode(description), 'language': to_unicode(language), 'author_email': to_unicode(author_email), 'author_name': to_unicode(author_name), 'author_link': iri_to_uri(author_link), 'subtitle': to_unicode(subtitle), 'categories': categories or (), 'feed_url': iri_to_uri(feed_url), 'feed_copyright': to_unicode(feed_copyright), 'id': feed_guid or link, 'ttl': ttl, } self.feed.update(kwargs) self.items = []
[docs] def add_item(self, title, link, description, author_email=None, author_name=None, author_link=None, pubdate=None, comments=None, unique_id=None, unique_id_is_permalink=None, enclosure=None, categories=(), item_copyright=None, ttl=None, updateddate=None, **kwargs): """ Adds an item to the feed. All args are expected to be Python Unicode objects except pubdate and updateddate, which are datetime.datetime objects, and enclosure, which is an instance of the Enclosure class. """ to_unicode = lambda s: force_text(s, strings_only=True) if categories: categories = [to_unicode(c) for c in categories] if ttl is not None: # Force ints to unicode ttl = force_text(ttl) item = { 'title': to_unicode(title), 'link': iri_to_uri(link), 'description': to_unicode(description), 'author_email': to_unicode(author_email), 'author_name': to_unicode(author_name), 'author_link': iri_to_uri(author_link), 'pubdate': pubdate, 'updateddate': updateddate, 'comments': to_unicode(comments), 'unique_id': to_unicode(unique_id), 'unique_id_is_permalink': unique_id_is_permalink, 'enclosure': enclosure, 'categories': categories or (), 'item_copyright': to_unicode(item_copyright), 'ttl': ttl, } item.update(kwargs) self.items.append(item)
[docs] def num_items(self): return len(self.items)
[docs] def root_attributes(self): """ Return extra attributes to place on the root (i.e. feed/channel) element. Called from write(). """ return {}
[docs] def add_root_elements(self, handler): """ Add elements in the root (i.e. feed/channel) element. Called from write(). """ pass
[docs] def item_attributes(self, item): """ Return extra attributes to place on each item (i.e. item/entry) element. """ return {}
[docs] def add_item_elements(self, handler, item): """ Add elements on each item (i.e. item/entry) element. """ pass
[docs] def write(self, outfile, encoding): """ Outputs the feed in the given encoding to outfile, which is a file-like object. Subclasses should override this. """ raise NotImplementedError('subclasses of SyndicationFeed must provide a write() method')
[docs] def writeString(self, encoding): """ Returns the feed in the given encoding as a string. """ s = StringIO() self.write(s, encoding) return s.getvalue()
[docs] def latest_post_date(self): """ Returns the latest item's pubdate or updateddate. If no items have either of these attributes this returns the current date/time. """ latest_date = None date_keys = ('updateddate', 'pubdate') for item in self.items: for date_key in date_keys: item_date = item.get(date_key) if item_date: if latest_date is None or item_date > latest_date: latest_date = item_date return latest_date or datetime.datetime.now()
[docs]class Enclosure(object): "Represents an RSS enclosure" def __init__(self, url, length, mime_type): "All args are expected to be Python Unicode objects" self.length, self.mime_type = length, mime_type self.url = iri_to_uri(url)
[docs]class RssFeed(SyndicationFeed): mime_type = 'application/rss+xml; charset=utf-8' def write(self, outfile, encoding): handler = SimplerXMLGenerator(outfile, encoding) handler.startDocument() handler.startElement("rss", self.rss_attributes()) handler.startElement("channel", self.root_attributes()) self.add_root_elements(handler) self.write_items(handler) self.endChannelElement(handler) handler.endElement("rss") def rss_attributes(self): return {"version": self._version, "xmlns:atom": "http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom"} def write_items(self, handler): for item in self.items: handler.startElement('item', self.item_attributes(item)) self.add_item_elements(handler, item) handler.endElement("item") def add_root_elements(self, handler): handler.addQuickElement("title", self.feed['title']) handler.addQuickElement("link", self.feed['link']) handler.addQuickElement("description", self.feed['description']) if self.feed['feed_url'] is not None: handler.addQuickElement("atom:link", None, {"rel": "self", "href": self.feed['feed_url']}) if self.feed['language'] is not None: handler.addQuickElement("language", self.feed['language']) for cat in self.feed['categories']: handler.addQuickElement("category", cat) if self.feed['feed_copyright'] is not None: handler.addQuickElement("copyright", self.feed['feed_copyright']) handler.addQuickElement("lastBuildDate", rfc2822_date(self.latest_post_date())) if self.feed['ttl'] is not None: handler.addQuickElement("ttl", self.feed['ttl']) def endChannelElement(self, handler): handler.endElement("channel")
[docs]class RssUserland091Feed(RssFeed): _version = "0.91" def add_item_elements(self, handler, item): handler.addQuickElement("title", item['title']) handler.addQuickElement("link", item['link']) if item['description'] is not None: handler.addQuickElement("description", item['description'])
[docs]class Rss201rev2Feed(RssFeed): # Spec: http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss _version = "2.0" def add_item_elements(self, handler, item): handler.addQuickElement("title", item['title']) handler.addQuickElement("link", item['link']) if item['description'] is not None: handler.addQuickElement("description", item['description']) # Author information. if item["author_name"] and item["author_email"]: handler.addQuickElement("author", "%s (%s)" % (item['author_email'], item['author_name'])) elif item["author_email"]: handler.addQuickElement("author", item["author_email"]) elif item["author_name"]: handler.addQuickElement("dc:creator", item["author_name"], {"xmlns:dc": "http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/"}) if item['pubdate'] is not None: handler.addQuickElement("pubDate", rfc2822_date(item['pubdate'])) if item['comments'] is not None: handler.addQuickElement("comments", item['comments']) if item['unique_id'] is not None: guid_attrs = {} if isinstance(item.get('unique_id_is_permalink'), bool): guid_attrs['isPermaLink'] = str( item['unique_id_is_permalink']).lower() handler.addQuickElement("guid", item['unique_id'], guid_attrs) if item['ttl'] is not None: handler.addQuickElement("ttl", item['ttl']) # Enclosure. if item['enclosure'] is not None: handler.addQuickElement("enclosure", '', {"url": item['enclosure'].url, "length": item['enclosure'].length, "type": item['enclosure'].mime_type}) # Categories. for cat in item['categories']: handler.addQuickElement("category", cat)
[docs]class Atom1Feed(SyndicationFeed): # Spec: http://atompub.org/2005/07/11/draft-ietf-atompub-format-10.html mime_type = 'application/atom+xml; charset=utf-8' ns = "http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom" def write(self, outfile, encoding): handler = SimplerXMLGenerator(outfile, encoding) handler.startDocument() handler.startElement('feed', self.root_attributes()) self.add_root_elements(handler) self.write_items(handler) handler.endElement("feed") def root_attributes(self): if self.feed['language'] is not None: return {"xmlns": self.ns, "xml:lang": self.feed['language']} else: return {"xmlns": self.ns} def add_root_elements(self, handler): handler.addQuickElement("title", self.feed['title']) handler.addQuickElement("link", "", {"rel": "alternate", "href": self.feed['link']}) if self.feed['feed_url'] is not None: handler.addQuickElement("link", "", {"rel": "self", "href": self.feed['feed_url']}) handler.addQuickElement("id", self.feed['id']) handler.addQuickElement("updated", rfc3339_date(self.latest_post_date())) if self.feed['author_name'] is not None: handler.startElement("author", {}) handler.addQuickElement("name", self.feed['author_name']) if self.feed['author_email'] is not None: handler.addQuickElement("email", self.feed['author_email']) if self.feed['author_link'] is not None: handler.addQuickElement("uri", self.feed['author_link']) handler.endElement("author") if self.feed['subtitle'] is not None: handler.addQuickElement("subtitle", self.feed['subtitle']) for cat in self.feed['categories']: handler.addQuickElement("category", "", {"term": cat}) if self.feed['feed_copyright'] is not None: handler.addQuickElement("rights", self.feed['feed_copyright']) def write_items(self, handler): for item in self.items: handler.startElement("entry", self.item_attributes(item)) self.add_item_elements(handler, item) handler.endElement("entry") def add_item_elements(self, handler, item): handler.addQuickElement("title", item['title']) handler.addQuickElement("link", "", {"href": item['link'], "rel": "alternate"}) if item['pubdate'] is not None: handler.addQuickElement('published', rfc3339_date(item['pubdate'])) if item['updateddate'] is not None: handler.addQuickElement('updated', rfc3339_date(item['updateddate'])) # Author information. if item['author_name'] is not None: handler.startElement("author", {}) handler.addQuickElement("name", item['author_name']) if item['author_email'] is not None: handler.addQuickElement("email", item['author_email']) if item['author_link'] is not None: handler.addQuickElement("uri", item['author_link']) handler.endElement("author") # Unique ID. if item['unique_id'] is not None: unique_id = item['unique_id'] else: unique_id = get_tag_uri(item['link'], item['pubdate']) handler.addQuickElement("id", unique_id) # Summary. if item['description'] is not None: handler.addQuickElement("summary", item['description'], {"type": "html"}) # Enclosure. if item['enclosure'] is not None: handler.addQuickElement("link", '', {"rel": "enclosure", "href": item['enclosure'].url, "length": item['enclosure'].length, "type": item['enclosure'].mime_type}) # Categories. for cat in item['categories']: handler.addQuickElement("category", "", {"term": cat}) # Rights. if item['item_copyright'] is not None: handler.addQuickElement("rights", item['item_copyright'])
# This isolates the decision of what the system default is, so calling code can # do "feedgenerator.DefaultFeed" instead of "feedgenerator.Rss201rev2Feed". DefaultFeed = Rss201rev2Feed
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