A validator is a callable that takes a value and raises a ValidationError if it doesn’t meet some criteria. Validators can be useful for re-using validation logic between different types of fields.
For example, here’s a validator that only allows even numbers:
from django.core.exceptions import ValidationError def validate_even(value): if value % 2 != 0: raise ValidationError(u'%s is not an even number' % value)
You can add this to a model field via the field's validators argument:
from django.db import models class MyModel(models.Model): even_field = models.IntegerField(validators=[validate_even])
Because values are converted to Python before validators are run, you can even use the same validator with forms:
from django import forms class MyForm(forms.Form): even_field = forms.IntegerField(validators=[validate_even])
How validators are run¶
See the form validation for more information on how validators are run in forms, and Validating objects for how they're run in models. Note that validators will not be run automatically when you save a model, but if you are using a ModelForm, it will run your validators on any fields that are included in your form. See the ModelForm documentation for information on how model validation interacts with forms.
The django.core.validators module contains a collection of callable validators for use with model and form fields. They're used internally but are available for use with your own fields, too. They can be used in addition to, or in lieu of custom field.clean() methods.
- class RegexValidator(regex[, message=None, code=None])¶
- class URLValidator([verify_exists=False, validator_user_agent=URL_VALIDATOR_USER_AGENT])¶
A RegexValidator that ensures a value looks like a URL and optionally verifies that the URL actually exists (i.e., doesn't return a 404 status code). Raises an error code of 'invalid' if it doesn't look like a URL, and a code of 'invalid_link' if it doesn't exist.
Default value: False. If set to True, this validator checks that the URL actually exists.