Django documentation

Widgets

A widget is Django’s representation of a HTML input element. The widget handles the rendering of the HTML, and the extraction of data from a GET/POST dictionary that corresponds to the widget.

Django provides a representation of all the basic HTML widgets, plus some commonly used groups of widgets:

class TextInput

Text input: <input type='text' ...>

class PasswordInput

Password input: <input type='password' ...>

Takes one optional argument:

render_value

Determines whether the widget will have a value filled in when the form is re-displayed after a validation error (default is False).

Changed in Django 1.3: The default value for render_value was changed from True to False
class HiddenInput

Hidden input: <input type='hidden' ...>

class MultipleHiddenInput

Multiple <input type='hidden' ...> widgets.

class FileInput

File upload input: <input type='file' ...>

class ClearableFileInput
New in Django 1.3: Please, see the release notes

File upload input: <input type='file' ...>, with an additional checkbox input to clear the field’s value, if the field is not required and has initial data.

class DateInput

Date input as a simple text box: <input type='text' ...>

Takes one optional argument:

format

The format in which this field’s initial value will be displayed.

If no format argument is provided, the default format is '%Y-%m-%d'.

class DateTimeInput

Date/time input as a simple text box: <input type='text' ...>

Takes one optional argument:

format

The format in which this field’s initial value will be displayed.

If no format argument is provided, the default format is '%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S'.

class TimeInput

Time input as a simple text box: <input type='text' ...>

Takes one optional argument:

format

The format in which this field’s initial value will be displayed.

If no format argument is provided, the default format is '%H:%M:%S'.

class Textarea

Text area: <textarea>...</textarea>

class CheckboxInput

Checkbox: <input type='checkbox' ...>

Takes one optional argument:

check_test

A callable that takes the value of the CheckBoxInput and returns True if the checkbox should be checked for that value.

class Select

Select widget: <select><option ...>...</select>

Requires that your field provides choices.

class NullBooleanSelect

Select widget with options ‘Unknown’, ‘Yes’ and ‘No’

class SelectMultiple

Select widget allowing multiple selection: <select multiple='multiple'>...</select>

Requires that your field provides choices.

class RadioSelect

A list of radio buttons:

<ul>
  <li><input type='radio' ...></li>
  ...
</ul>

Requires that your field provides choices.

class CheckboxSelectMultiple

A list of checkboxes:

<ul>
  <li><input type='checkbox' ...></li>
  ...
</ul>
class MultiWidget

Wrapper around multiple other widgets

class SplitDateTimeWidget

Wrapper around two widgets: DateInput for the date, and TimeInput for the time.

Takes two optional arguments, date_format and time_format, which work just like the format argument for DateInput and TimeInput.

class SelectDateWidget

Wrapper around three select widgets: one each for month, day, and year. Note that this widget lives in a separate file from the standard widgets.

Takes one optional argument:

List.years

An optional list/tuple of years to use in the "year" select box. The default is a list containing the current year and the next 9 years.

from django.forms.extras.widgets import SelectDateWidget

date = forms.DateField(widget=SelectDateWidget())

Specifying widgets

Form.widget

Whenever you specify a field on a form, Django will use a default widget that is appropriate to the type of data that is to be displayed. To find which widget is used on which field, see the documentation for the built-in Field classes.

However, if you want to use a different widget for a field, you can - just use the 'widget' argument on the field definition. For example:

from django import forms

class CommentForm(forms.Form):
    name = forms.CharField()
    url = forms.URLField()
    comment = forms.CharField(widget=forms.Textarea)

This would specify a form with a comment that uses a larger Textarea widget, rather than the default TextInput widget.

Customizing widget instances

When Django renders a widget as HTML, it only renders the bare minimum HTML - Django doesn't add a class definition, or any other widget-specific attributes. This means that all 'TextInput' widgets will appear the same on your Web page.

If you want to make one widget look different to another, you need to specify additional attributes for each widget. When you specify a widget, you can provide a list of attributes that will be added to the rendered HTML for the widget.

For example, take the following simple form:

class CommentForm(forms.Form):
    name = forms.CharField()
    url = forms.URLField()
    comment = forms.CharField()

This form will include three default TextInput widgets, with default rendering - no CSS class, no extra attributes. This means that the input boxes provided for each widget will be rendered exactly the same:

>>> f = CommentForm(auto_id=False)
>>> f.as_table()
<tr><th>Name:</th><td><input type="text" name="name" /></td></tr>
<tr><th>Url:</th><td><input type="text" name="url"/></td></tr>
<tr><th>Comment:</th><td><input type="text" name="comment" /></td></tr>

On a real Web page, you probably don't want every widget to look the same. You might want a larger input element for the comment, and you might want the 'name' widget to have some special CSS class. To do this, you use the attrs argument when creating the widget:

Widget.attrs

For example:

class CommentForm(forms.Form):
    name = forms.CharField(
                widget=forms.TextInput(attrs={'class':'special'}))
    url = forms.URLField()
    comment = forms.CharField(
               widget=forms.TextInput(attrs={'size':'40'}))

Django will then include the extra attributes in the rendered output:

>>> f = CommentForm(auto_id=False)
>>> f.as_table()
<tr><th>Name:</th><td><input type="text" name="name" class="special"/></td></tr>
<tr><th>Url:</th><td><input type="text" name="url"/></td></tr>
<tr><th>Comment:</th><td><input type="text" name="comment" size="40"/></td></tr>

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This document is for an insecure version of Django that is no longer supported. Please upgrade to a newer release!